- Counter-ISIL Efforts by the U.S. State Dept.
- Facts on U.S. Strategy to Counter ISIL
- Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW.org)
- State.gov: Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs (NEA)
- State.gov: Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs Daily Press Briefs
- Deputy Secretary Burns on U.S. Middle East Policy
- Senate Committee on Foreign Relations
- State Dept. Fact Sheet: Help for Entrepreneurs in Middle East
- U.S. – Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI) at State.gov
- U.S. Misison Geneva
Targeted Operations Against ISIL
Details of airstrikes are on the the U.S. Department of Defense Targeted Operations Against ISIL subsite.
Middle East news
20 October 2014
21 October 2014 Ambassador Power at U.N. Security Council on Middle East Samantha Power, U.S. permanent representative to the U.N., speaks at a U.N. Security Council open debate on the Middle East.
20 October 2014 U.S. Resupplies Kurdish Forces Fighting ISIL Near Kobani U.S. military forces conducted
multiple airdrops near Kobani, Syria, last night to resupply Kurdish
forces on the ground defending the city against Islamic State of Iraq
and the Levant terrorists.
• Background Call on Aerial Resupply of Anti-ISIL Forces in Syria
18 October 2014 Joint Statement on Libya by the Governments of France, Italy, Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States "We agree that there is no military solution to the Libyan crisis. We are particularly dismayed that after meetings in Ghadames and Tripoli, parties have not respected calls for a ceasefire."
17 October 2014 Defense Dept. Briefing on Efforts to Counter Terror Group ISIL (via IIPDigital)
14 October 2014 U.S., Coalition Military Leaders to Meet on Islamic State Strategy President Barack Obama and American military commanders are due to meet Tuesday with foreign defense chiefs to discuss their coalition efforts to combat Islamic State militants in Iraq and Syria.
12 October 2014 Dempsey Expresses Concern Kobani Could Fall to ISIL Army General Dempsey said that despite continued U.S.-led airstrikes to keep ISIL forces at bay, he is concerned the key Kurdish city could fall into ISIL jihadists’ hands.
12 October 2014 State Dept. Fact Sheet on U.S. Humanitarian Aid to Palestinians Today, Secretary of State John Kerry announced $414 million in US assistance to the Palestinians. This includes more than $212 million that will be delivered through USAID.
09 October 2014 Special Presidential Envoy John Allen Meetings With Turkish Officials on Efforts to Counter ISIL General Allen and Deputy Special Envoy McGurk discussed areas of cooperation across the multiple lines of effort that will be required to degrade and ultimately defeat ISIL. They stressed that we are in the early stages of consolidating a broad coalition against this terrorist network in what will be a long-term campaign.
09 October 2014 U.S. Military Conducts Airstrikes Against ISIL in Syria and Iraq U.S. military forces continued to attack ISIL terrorists today, using bomber and attack aircraft to conduct a total of eleven airstrikes in Syria and Iraq.
06 October 2014 U.S., Partner Nations Strike ISIL in Syria, Iraq U.S. and partner nations' military forces continued to attack Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant terrorists in Syria yesterday and today, using fighter and remotely piloted aircraft to conduct three airstrikes.
01 October 2014 Interview of General Allen With Elise Labott of CNN Interview with General John Allen, Special Presidential Envoy for the Global Coalition to Counter the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.
29 September 2014 Syrian Crisis: U.S. Assistance and Support for the Transition To help those affected by the crisis in Syria, the United States has contributed more than $2.9 billion in humanitarian assistance – the most from any single donor. These resources support international and non-governmental organizations assisting those affected by the conflict both inside Syria and across the region.
27 September 2014 Security Adviser Rice's Meeting with Syrian Opposition Coalition National Security Advisor Susan E. Rice met at the White House yesterday with a delegation from the Syrian Opposition Coalition (SOC) led by SOC President Hadi al-Bahra and reaffirmed the United States’ commitment to supporting Syria’s moderate opposition.
26 September 2014 Kerry: Under U.S. Leadership, World Will Defeat ISIS This commentary by Secretary of State John Kerry was originally published in the Boston Globe on 26 September 2014.
24 September 2014 Heritage in Peril: Iraq and Syria More than 90 percent of Syria’s cultural sites are inside areas of conflict and displacement. Further damage to these countries’ treasures increases the loss of their common heritage and cultural legacies of universal importance.
23 September 2014 Senior Administration Officials on Airstrikes in Syria
23 September 2014 Statement by President Obama on Airstrikes in Syria "Last night, on my orders, America’s armed forces began strikes against
ISIL targets in Syria. Today, the American people give thanks for the
extraordinary service of our men and women in uniform, including the
pilots who flew these missions with the courage and professionalism that
we've come to expect from the finest military that the world has ever
• Obama Hails Joint U.S.-Arab Strikes on ISIL Targets in Syria
23 September 2014 Secretary Kerry on Threats to Cultural Heritage in Iraq and Syria (State.gov)
22 September 2014 Kerry: Militants Threaten Entire Middle East U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry says ISIL militants threaten the entire Middle East, and the international community cannot allow that threat to go unchecked.
22 September 2014 Multilateral Communiqué on Libya "The governments of Algeria, Egypt, France, Germany, Italy, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, and the United States, and the European Union andin t United Nations condemn the ongoing violence, terrorism, and extremism hijacking Libya’s development and democratic process."
21 September 2014 State Dept. on OPCW Report and Ongoing Concerns With Chemical Weapons Use in Syria The OPCW’s Fact-Finding Mission investigating chlorine use in Syria recently released a second interim report that concludes with a high degree of confidence that chlorine was used as a weapon “systematically and repeatedly” in attacks on three villages in northern Syria earlier this year. ... The OPCW report raises serious questions about the Syrian regime’s compliance with its obligations under the Chemical Weapons Convention and UN Security Council Resolution 2118 as well as its willingness to continue using chemical weapons to kill or injure the people of Syria.
21 September 2014 Kerry on Return of Vessel Used in Chemical Weapons Destruction "Thanks to the work of those aboard the Cape Ray, 600 tons of chemical weapons material, including sulfur mustard agent, and components for the nerve agent sarin—material that would have been capable of killing untold numbers—were rendered harmless."
19 September 2014 State Dept. on Building International Support to Counter ISIL (IIPDigital)
19 September 2014 Kerry Statement as Chair of U.N. Security Council Debate on Iraq
18 September 2014 Obama on Congressional Approval to Train Syrian Opposition
18 September 2014 Hagel Says Anti-ISIL Coalition Continues to Grow Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel told the House of Representatives Armed Services Committee that more than 40 nations have said they will participate, with more than 30 nations offering military support. And U.S. leaders will continue to expand the community of nations taking on ISIL’s brutality, he added.
17 September 2014 Opening Remarks on the United States Strategy to Defeat the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant Testimony by Secretary of State John Kerry before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Washington, DC.
17 September 2014 State's Sherman Outlines U.S. Policy Priorities in Middle East "America’s policy is to assist those who believe, as we do, that people of different nationalities, ethnicities and creeds can live alongside one another constructively and in peace,” said Wendy Sherman, under secretary of state for political affairs.
16 September 2014 Hagel Explains President Obama's Strategy to Destroy ISIL Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel explained the military portion of President Obama’s strategy to degrade and ultimately destroy ISIL to the Senate Armed Services Committee. Hagel told the panel that military and civilian leaders agree that action must be taken to combat the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant and that the strategy is sound.
16 September 2014 Obama's Meeting with U.S. Envoys on ISIL Readout of the President’s Meeting with General John Allen, Special Presidential Envoy for the Global Coalition to Counter the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, and Ambassador Brett McGurk, Deputy Special Presidential Envoy.
16 September 2014 Amb. Power at U.N. Security Council on Middle East (via IIPDigital)
16 September 2014 Remarks on U.S. Policy in the Middle East Remarks by Under Secretary for Political Affair Wendy Sherman at Georgetwon University.
15 September 2014 Kerry in Paris for Coalition Talks to Fight ISIL Militants U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry
is in Paris on the latest stop of his tour to forge an international
coalition against Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) fighters
in Iraq and Syria. In Egypt, Kerry said it is only “a matter of time” before the threat
of terrorism anywhere becomes the threat of terrorism everywhere.
• Kerry's Roundtable Discussion in Paris on ISIL, U.N., Mideast
15 September 2014 Kerry: ISIL a Threat to Russia, Too U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and the U.S. administration are disappointed by Russia’s initial reaction to President Obama’s speech on the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) on September 10.
12 September 2014 U.S. Bolsters Humanitarian Aid for Syrian Conflict U.S. Secretary of State
John Kerry, meeting with Turkish officials to push an international
coalition to combat the Islamic State militant group, has announced
nearly $500 million in new humanitarian aid for Syrians affected by the
militants’ siege. More than half of Syria’s population has been
displaced by conflict.
• Facts on New U.S. Humanitarian Aid for Syria Crisis (IIPDigital)
11 September 2014 In Saudi Arabia, Kerry Seeks Coalition Against Islamic State U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry is in Saudi Arabia for talks with Arab leaders on an international coalition against Islamic State militants. Kerry is following up on President Obama’s push to “degrade and destroy” the group in both Iraq and Syria.
09 September 2014 In Middle East, Kerry Seeks Coalition Against ISIL U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry is traveling on September 9 to the Middle East, where he will discuss the situation in Iraq and the threat posed by Islamic State militants. He is due to meet with officials in Jordan and Saudi Arabia and consult other allies during the trip.
30 August 2014 Secretary Kerry: Threat of ISIS Demands a Global Coalition This opinion article by Secretary of State Kerry was published by the New York Times August 29
26 August 2014 Obama Approves Surveillance Flights Over Syria A senior White House official says President Barack Obama has authorized surveillance flights over Syria. On August 25, a White House official said that Obama has not approved any military action, but that the U.S. is preparing military options for combating the Islamic State fighters who have taken over large areas in eastern Syria and northern and western Iraq.
26 August 2014 Secretary Kerry on Gaza Cease-Fire Agreement (state.gov)
25 August 2014 Joint Statement on Libya by the Governments of France, Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom, and the United States The governments of France,Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom, and the United States strongly condemn the escalation of fighting and violence in and around Tripoli, Benghazi, and across Libya, especially against residential areas, public facilities, and critical infrastructure, by both land attacks and air strikes.
18 August 2014 Kerry on Destruction of Syria’s Declared Chemical Weapons "Today, we mark a milestone in our unrelenting work to ensure the end of the Assad regime’s deadly chemical arsenal: the United States has finished neutralizing the regime’s deadliest chemical weapons aboard the Cape Ray. ... Lastly, but most importantly, the Assad regime’s brutality must come to an end."
18 August 2014 Obama on Destruction of Syria's Declared Chemical Weapons "Today we mark an important achievement in our ongoing effort to counter the spread of weapons of mass destruction by eliminating Syria’s declared chemical weapons stockpile. The most lethal declared chemical weapons possessed by the Syrian regime were destroyed by dedicated U.S. civilian and military professionals."
13 August 2014 Joint Statement on Libya by the Governments of France, Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom, and the United States "Violence cannot and must not be a means to achieve political goals or settle ideological differences. ... We therefore reiterate the repeated calls by the international community, as well as the Libyan interim government and House of Representatives, for an immediate ceasefire and for all parties to this conflict to begin a peaceful political dialogue, and for them to recognize the authority of the elected representatives of the Libyan people."
06 August 2014 Joint Statement on Libya by the Governments of Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia, and the United States "We commend the determination of the Libyan people to ensure that democratic governance and rule of law form the bedrock of their country’s future. The international community stands firmly behind the Libyan people, supports the democratically-elected institutions of Libya, and rejects outside interference in Libya’s transition. We support all parties’ engagement to this objective, including the continued activities of the Tunis process on Libya."
04 August 2014 Joint Statement on Libya by the Governments of France, Italy, Germany, the United Kingdom and the United States "The governments of France, Italy, Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States commend the members of the Libyan Council of Representatives for beginning their work today. The convening of the council is an important step towards putting Libya's democratic transition back on track and helping restore law and order to the country. We call on the Council to be inclusive and fully representative in its work going forward."
01 August 2014 Remarks on the Humanitarian Cease-fire Announcement in Gaza
• Background Briefing on the Humanitarian Cease-fire in Gaza (via state.gov)
30 July 2014 The United States Contributes $378 Million in Additional Funding to Syria. Nearly 11 million Syrians today are struggling to survive one of the worst humanitarian crises in living memory.
30 July 2014 White House Press Gaggle Aboard Air Force One
26 July 2014 Temporary Move of Staff from U.S. Embassy in Libya (via state.gov) Due to the ongoing violence resulting from clashes between Libyan militias in the immediate vicinity of the U.S. Embassy in Tripoli, we have temporarily relocated all of our personnel out of Libya
23 July 2014 Kerry Pushes for Gaza Truce as Fighting Continues U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said officials working on a cease-fire between Israel and Hamas have “made some steps forward” toward ending a conflict that has left hundreds of people dead.
23 July 2014 Kerry After Meeting with Palestinian Authority President Abbas Remarks from Secretary Kerry on his meeting with President Abbas.
21 July 2014 State Dept. Facts on U.S. Assistance to Gaza Today, Secretary of State John Kerry announced that the United States is providing $47 million to help address the humanitarian situation in Gaza.
21 July 2014 Secretary Kerry travels to Cairo, Egypt (State.gov)
21 July 2014 Kerry Traveling to Cairo for Talks on Gaza U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry is heading to Cairo for talks with Egyptian leaders and other senior officials on ways to end the fighting in Gaza.
20 July 2014 President Obama's Call on Gaza with Israel's Netanyahu (iipdigital.usembassy.gov)
14 July 2014 Amb. Power at U.N. Security Council Vote on Syria Explanation of Vote by Ambassador Samantha Power, U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations, after a Security Council Vote on a Resolution on Syria.
10 July 2014 Kerry on Appointment of U.N. Special Envoy for Syria (via IIPDigital) "The United States welcomes the decision by United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to appoint Staffan de Mistura as the new UN Special Envoy for Syria. Special Envoy de Mistura is a distinguished diplomat who brings a wealth of experience to this pressing crisis from his work on Afghanistan, Iraq, Lebanon, Somalia, Sudan, and the former Yugoslavia."
09 July 2014 State Dept. on Election of Syrian Opposition Coalition President The United States welcomes the election of Syrian Opposition Coalition President Hadi al Bahra. We look forward to working with him and to continuing to build our partnership with the Coalition.
09 July 2014 U.S. Sanctions Companies for Aiding Syrian Regime The U.S. government took action July 9 to increase pressure on the Syrian regime and those providing support that could aid Syria’s military efforts. “The Syrian government’s continued violence against its own people is abhorrent,” said Treasury Department Under Secretary David S. Cohen. “Alongside other administration efforts, we remain committed to applying economic and financial pressure on those providing support to the [Bashar al-]Assad regime.”
07 July 2014 Cape Ray Begins Neutralizing Syrian Chemical Materials Teams aboard the MV Cape Ray have begun neutralizing Syrian chemical materials, a Pentagon spokesman said here today. U.S. military and civilian specialists aboard the ship are neutralizing the chemical materials in international waters, Army Col. Steve Warren told reporters.
01 July 2014 Cape Ray Arrives in Italy to Receive Syrian Chemicals The MV Cape Ray docked in the southern Italian port of Gioia Tauro today and will begin transferring Syrian chemical agents and precursor materials soon. Once the chemical materials are aboard the Cape Ray, the ship will “transit to international waters to neutralize the chemical agents in a safe and environmentally sound manner,” [said] Air Force Gen. Phillip M. Breedlove, the commander of U.S. European Command.
01 July 2014 Secretary Kerry on Saudi Pledge to Help Iraqis in Need (state.gov) "Saudi Arabia has made an enormous and very significant commitment to help its neighbor, underscoring that the entire region has a stake in seeing Iraq overcome today's crisis, and achieve stability. ... We commend the generosity and compassion demonstrated by Saudi Arabia and other donors, and urge others in the international community to join in the international humanitarian response for Iraqi internally displaced persons and to swiftly follow through with their pledges."
28 June 2014 Briefing on Kerry’s Talks with Syrian, Saudi, Kurdish Officials Readout of Secretary Kerry’s Meetings with Syrian Opposition Council President Ahmad Jarba, Saudi King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud, and Call with Iraqi Kurdistan Regional President Masoud Barzani
23 June 2014 Removal of Declared Chemical Materials from Syria Today, the international maritime task force completed the critical mission of removing the last 8 percent of declared chemical weapons precursors from Syria. With this step, 100 percent of the declared chemicals are out of war-torn Syria.
23 June 2014 Secretary Kerry Press Availability on Syria and Iraq "Now with respect to Iraq and Prime Minister Maliki, I’m not going to comment on – it would be inappropriate for me to comment on the private conversations that I had with other leaders about their judgments or where they’re heading. But I will say this: All of the leaders that I talked with today, including Prime Minister Maliki, profess their commitment to meeting the date and their understanding that they need to move rapidly to form a government and that only by forming a government quickly will they be able to open up Iraq to the kind of embrace and support from the international community that it will need in order to fight ISIL going forward."
19 June 2014 Alleged Attacker to Be Tried for Deaths at U.S. Mission Benghazi A Libyan national [Ahmed Abu Khatallah] has been charged with federal offenses related to the 2012 attack on a U.S. facility in Benghazi, Libya, the Department of Justice announced.
17 June 2014 U.S. Envoy on Syria's Chemical Weapons Program
04 June 2014 Fact Sheet: United States Announces Additional Humanitarian Assistance for Syrian Crisis Secretary of State John Kerry announced today the United States is providing more than $290 million in additional U.S. humanitarian assistance to help those affected by the war in Syria. With this additional funding, total U.S. humanitarian assistance since the start of the crisis will reach more than $2 billion, helping over 4.7 million people inside Syria, more than 2.8 million refugees in the region, as well as host communities in the neighboring countries affected by the crisis.
• Remarks by Secretary Kerry in Lebanon
15 May 2014 Efforts to Bring Peace to Syria to Be Redoubled, Kerry Says The United States, along with the international community, has vowed
to redouble efforts to bring peace to Syria and end the Assad regime,
says U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry. At a press briefing, Kerry said the group agreed “we have to
redouble our efforts” to support the moderate opposition and to bring
about the peaceful resolution of a crisis that has killed thousands of
Syrians and displaced many more.
• Secretary Kerry's Press Availability after meeting in London
• Background Briefing on Secretary Kerry's Trip to London
14 May 2014 Terrorist Designations of Groups Operating in Syria The Department of State announced the amendment of the designation of al-Qa’ida in Iraq (AQI) as a Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) under Section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act and as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist entity under section 1(b) of Executive Order (E.O.) 13224 to add the alias Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) as its primary name and remove all aliases associated with al-Nusrah Front (ANF). Additionally, the Department of State announced the designation of ANF as an FTO under Section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act and as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist entity under section 1(b) of E.O. 13224.
12 May 2014 Hagel to Attend Middle East Defense Meeting
05 May 2014 U.S. to Strengthen Ties to Syrian Opposition The United States is taking additional measures to support the Syrian opposition coalition, local communities in Syria and members of the moderate armed opposition, said State Department spokeswoman Marie Harf. In addition, the State Department is working with the U.S. Congress to provide more than $27 million in new nonlethal assistance, which would bring the total nonlethal support provided by the United States to nearly $287 million.
• State Dept. Fact Sheet on Syrian Opposition Coalition's Visit to Washington, DC
29 April 2014 State's Mikulak on Syria's Chemical Weapons Remarks by Ambassador Mikulak, U.S. Delegation to the Executive Council Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, The Hague, Netherlands.
28 April 2014 White House on Mass Trials, Sentencing in Egypt The United States is deeply troubled by the continued use of mass trials and sentencing in Egypt, and particularly by today’s death sentence against 683 defendants. Today’s verdict, like the one last month, defies even the most basic standards of international justice. The Egyptian government has the responsibility to ensure that every citizen is afforded due process, including the right to a fair trial in which evidence is clearly presented, and access to an attorney.
24 April 2014 U.S. Aid to Egypt (via state.gov) - Question Taken at the April 23, 2014 Daily Press Briefing: "The Egypt bilateral foreign assistance budget for FY2014 is approximately $1.5 billion and includes $1.3 billion in Foreign Military Financing (FMF) – $200 million in Economic Support Funds; and over $7 million for other security assistance programs, including International Military Education and Training, International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement, and Nonproliferation, Antiterrorism, Demining and Related Programs"
23 April 2014 Summary of Kerry’s Call with Egyptian Foreign Minister Fahmy (via iipdigital.usembassy.gov)
23 April 2014 Hagel’s Call with Egyptian Defense Minister Sobhy (via iipdigital.usembassy.gov)
08 April 2014 Lebanon's Security Challenges and U.S. Interests Remarks by Acting Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs, Lawrence Silverman, before the House Foreign Affairs Committee, Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa, Washington, DC.
03 April 2014 Joint Statement by the London 11 Countries on Syria The core group of the Friends of Syrian People – including Egypt, France, Germany, Italy, Jordan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, and the United States – continues to support the efforts of Joint Special Representative Brahimi to mediate a political solution between both sides and calls upon the Syrian regime to cease its obstruction of the Geneva process by clearly endorsing all elements of the Geneva Communique, which was enshrined in Security Council Resolutions 2118 and 2139 and reaffirmed by the United Nations and the international community at the Montreux conference.
19 March 2014 Amb. Power in Support of U.N. Security Resolution 2146 on Libya Power: "Libya is in the midst of a difficult political transition after more than 40 years of dictatorship. We stand with those working to build a brighter, democratic future for the Libyan people, and strongly support Libya’s efforts to strengthen security, protect human rights, and grow the country’s economy."
18 March 2014 U.S. Special Envoy on Suspension of Syrian Embassy Operations "Consequently, the United States notified the Syrian government today that it must immediately suspend operations of its Embassy in Washington, D.C. and its honorary consulates in Troy, Michigan, and Houston, Texas. Syrian diplomats at the embassy and Syrian honorary consulates are no longer permitted to perform diplomatic or consular functions and those who are not U.S. citizens or lawful permanent residents must depart the United States."
11 March 2014 Palestinian Economic Initiative Supports Peace Talks Diplomatic agreements can create peace, but what will help the Palestinian people build better lives and livelihoods is a balanced national economy that delivers the benefits of peace, says Assistant Secretary of State Anne Patterson. Speaking at an international conference, Patterson said Palestinian young people are connected to the world like no previous generation, and they have the same aspirations for good jobs and better lives. Those aspirations need to be addressed alongside their desire for national independence, she said.
06 March 2014 Syria Spillover: The Growing Threat of Terrorism and Sectarianism in the Middle East and Ukraine Update Testimony by Deputy Secretary of State William Burns before the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, Washington, DC.
03 March 2014 State Dept. Condemnation of Threats Against Christians in Syria "The Syrian people have a long history of tolerance and co-existence, but both the regime and ISIL are fueling sectarian strife to justify their brutality. We strongly condemn these abuses and urge all parties to protect and respect the rights of all Syrians, regardless of ethnicity, gender, or religion."
26 February 2014 State Dept. on Syria Regime Actions Against Geneva II Delegates The United States is outraged by reports that the Assad regime has arrested family members of the Syrian Opposition Coalition delegation to the Geneva II peace talks, designated delegates as terrorists, and seized delegates’ assets. Such actions blatantly disregard the international community’s welcome, through unanimously approved UN Security Council Resolution 2139, of the Geneva talks. We call on the regime to immediately and unconditionally release all those unfairly arrested, including Mahmoud Sabra, brother of Geneva delegation member Mohammed Sabra.
25 February 2014 Lebanon at the Crossroads Testimony by Lawrence Silverman, Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary for Near Eastern Affairs, to the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South and Central Asian Affairs. Silverman: "The Lebanese people deserve a government that responds to their needs and protects their interests. As it works to gain a vote of confidence from Parliament and begins to exercise full powers, this government is in one sense, better than its predecessor. Nearly all political factions are represented in a careful balance."
24 February 2014 Syrian Crisis Is Humanitarian, Regional, Economic, U.S. Says The United States is delivering assistance to relieve the Syrian humanitarian crisis with “every means available,” according to a State Department official who outlined U.S. objectives to address the regional dilemma at a Washington forum. The U.S. government has invested more than $1.7 billion in relieving the Syrian humanitarian crisis since it began.
22 February 2014 Kerry on U.N. Security Council Resolution on Syria This could be a hinge-point in the tortured three years of a Syria crisis bereft of hope. This overdue resolution, if fully implemented, will ensure humanitarian aid reaches people in Syria whose very lives depend on it. This is all about saving innocent lives and relieving the burden on Syria's neighboring countries.
• U.S. Envoy at Security Council on Humanitarian Access in Syria
06 February 2014 Kerry Encourages Faith-Based Efforts for Middle East Peace This blog post by Liora Danan was originally published on the State Department website on January 31.
31 January 2014 Geneva II Process and the Overall Situation in Syria (via State.gov) Background briefing by Senior Administration Officials.
30 January 2014 Ambassador Mikulak on Syria’s Chemical Weapons Program "Since the last meeting of this Council on January 8th, the effort to remove chemical agent and key precursor chemicals from Syria has seriously languished and stalled. To date, only four percent of the Priority One chemicals declared by the Syrian Arab Republic have been removed, and roughly the same small percentage of the Priority Two chemicals. ... However, the Syrian Arab Republic had not even begun the transport of Priority One chemicals to Latakia by 31 December, despite urgings from the Joint Mission Special Coordinator to "intensify" its preparation efforts."
24 January 2014 Kerry Reaffirms U.S. Commitment to Peace in Middle East Secretary Kerry reaffirmed the U.S. commitment to peace in the Middle East in remarks delivered January 24 to the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland. Kerry emphasized that U.S. diplomacy in the Middle East is based on partnering. “We have no pretense about solving these problems alone,” the secretary said.
22 January 2014 Kerry Says World Has Obligation to Bring Peace to Syrian People Syria’s conflict began as a peaceful protest by schoolchildren and escalated into a civil war with thousands dead and millions more displaced from their homes, Secretary of State John Kerry says. “The right to lead a country does not come from torture, nor barrel bombs, nor Scud missiles. It comes from the consent of the people,” Kerry added.
20 January 2014 State Dept. Background Briefing on Secretary Kerry's Travel to Montreux and Davos, Switzerland "What I just would like to underline because I think this is really important: For a year, we have been meeting with the United Nations and with Russians in Geneva. I’ve been in all of those discussions, when I was with Secretary Kerry when he went to Moscow and met Lavrov last May. And we have been very explicit and clear in both behind closed doors in meetings with the United Nations and Russians, and publicly that we did not think that any country that refused to endorse the Geneva I communique, the one from June 30th, 2012 – any country that refused to endorse it and support its full implementation should not be in a Geneva peace conference."
17 January 2014 Factsheet: The Syrian Crisis: U.S. Assistance and Support for the Transition
17 January 2014 Syrian Peace Talks to Begin Amid Escalating Violence In the wake of dramatically escalating violence against civilians in Syria, a heightened sense of urgency surrounds the United Nations–led peace talks set to begin January 22 in Montreux, Switzerland. The conference, known as Geneva II, represents the concerted bilateral efforts of the United States and Russia to bring together delegations from the Syrian regime of President Bashar al-Assad and Syrian opposition groups to begin negotiations on a transitional government with full executive powers.
15 January 2014 U.S. Urges Syrian Political Solution, Ups Aid to Refugees U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry announced another increase in humanitarian aid January 15 to help millions of people displaced by the three-year-old Syrian civil war. This latest commitment made at a donors’ conference held in Kuwait City brings U.S. support to $1.7 billion. The United States is the leading donor attempting to provide relief for more than 4 million people in Syria and more than 2 million refugees who have fled to neighboring countries.
15 January 2014 Secretary Kerry's Remarks at the Delegation Pledging Session of the Syria Donors' Conference Secretary of State John F. Kerry announced today the United States will provide $380 million in additional U.S. humanitarian assistance to help those affected by the war in Syria. With this additional funding, the United States’ humanitarian assistance since the crisis began is more than $1.7 billion to help those suffering inside Syria, as well as refugees and host communities in the neighboring countries.
• Fact Sheets: U.S. Humanitarian Assistance in Response to the Syrian Crisis
13 January 2014 Cape Ray Conducts Final Sea Trials for Syria Mission The U.S. Military Sealift Command container ship MV Cape Ray left Portsmouth, Virginia, on January 10 to conduct its final sea trials in preparation for its mission to destroy Syrian chemical weapons. During the sea trials, the crew and the Field-Deployable Hydrolysis System operators are evaluating the ship and the system at various sea states, Warren said.
12 January 2014 Hagel's Call with Egyptian Defense Minister General Al-Sisi
12 January 2014 Secretary Kerry's Remarks With Qatari Foreign Minister Khalid bin Muhammad al-Atiyah Remarks after fifth meeting of Arab Peace Initiative Follow-up Committee, Paris, France.
08 January 2014 U.S. Supports International Efforts to Aid Syrian Refugees As violence in Syria enters its third year, the needs of its refugees — and of neighboring countries providing them refuge — are greater than ever, U.S. officials say, and the United States is supporting international efforts to provide aid. Although the governments and citizens of neighboring countries such as Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey have welcomed Syrian refugees, their generosity is being strained to the limits, according to Anne Richard, assistant secretary of state for population, refugees and migration.
07 January 2014 State’s Richard at Senate Hearing on Syrian Refugee Crisis Richard: "My part of this testimony will address the Department of State’s response to the refugee crisis as well as our plans to bring Syrian refugees to the United States for resettlement."
05 January 2014 Kerry Press Briefing in Jerusalem on Middle East, South Sudan Secretary Kerry: "Every step is a step that is to try to point to the path forward and the ways in which each side can build a relationship and trust over a period of time."
05 January 2013 Army to Destroy Syrian Chemical Weapons Aboard Ship Some 64 specialists from the Army's Edgewood Chemical Biological Center are expected to depart for the Mediterranean in about two weeks aboard an American-owned ship, the Cape Ray, to destroy chemical weapons from Syria. Aboard the ship, an environmentally sealed tent contains two FDHS units, which will operate 24 hours a day in parallel to complete the chemical warfare agent neutralization mission. About 130 gallons of mustard gas can be neutralized at a time, over the course of about two hours.
02 January 2014 Secretary Kerry's Remarks With Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu Before Their Meeting "So I come here today to continue this ongoing conversation about how
to end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. We are now five full months
into this negotiation. We have always known that achieving peace is a
long and complicated process. It’s a tough road. But this is not mission
impossible. I would note the recent poll by Hebrew University and the
Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research which shows the
majorities of Israelis and Palestinians back two-state solution, though
both remain suspicious of the other side."
• Background Briefing on Secretary Kerry's Trip to Jerusalem and Ramallah (via State.gov)
30 December 2013 State Dept. on Funding for Special Tribunal for Lebanon "The United States welcomes Lebanon’s decision to fulfill its 2013 funding obligations to the Special Tribunal for Lebanon. We recognize and commend Prime Minister Mikati’s strong leadership in ensuring that the government met this important commitment. We fully support the work of the Tribunal and its efforts to find and hold accountable those responsible for reprehensible and destabilizing acts of violence in Lebanon."
23 December 2013 White House on Air Assaults by Syrian Government
17 December 2013 State’s Zeya at Forum on Future of Middle East, North Africa "We are meeting today to affirm our commitment to empowering civil society, even as there are activists – including some in Egypt – who face criminal charges and intimidation for the peaceful exercise of their rights."
16 December 2013 State Dept. on EU's Support of Middle East Peace "Secretary Kerry has made clear how important it is for Israelis and Palestinians alike to envision the benefits that peace will bring. The EU’s announcement today makes that picture even brighter."
12 December 2013 State Department on Civilian Massacres in Syria "We condemn in the strongest possible terms the recent massacres of Syrian civilians in the Qalamoun region and elsewhere. Scores of civilians, many of them children, have again fallen victim to brutal violence, and we are outraged at the alarming reports, including reports of invasive house raids, kidnappings, and extrajudicial killings. We also note and condemn the latest report of a massacre of civilians in Adra."
08 December 2013 Secretary Kerry on Middle East Peace Negotiations "We have a separate team assessing Palestinian security needs in the
context of statehood. We anticipate that the United States will continue
to play a leading role in building – helping to build Palestinian
capacity, helping to build their capabilities to maintain law and order;
to cooperate in an effective judicial system; to counter terrorism and
smuggling; and manage border security, customs, immigration. Needless to
say, for a period of time this will obviously involve Israeli
• President Obama at Saban Forum on Iran, Middle East Peace, Syria
05 December 2013 Joint Statement by Kerry, Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu Secretary of State John Kerry and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu discuss Iran and the Middle East peace process in remarks to the press in Jerusalem.
19 November 2013 Bomb Attacks in Lebanon (State Dept. link) Secretary Kerry press statement on the terrorist bombings at the Iranian Embassy in Beirut.
15 November 2013 Women Critical to Afghanistan’s Success, Kerry Says The full participation of women in Afghan society — particularly through elections in 2014 — is critical to the success of the country, says Secretary of State John Kerry.
11 November 2013 Kerry with Emirati Foreign Minister Abdallah After Their Meeting Secretary Kerry's Remarks With Emirati Foreign Minister Abdallah bin Zayid Al Nuhayyan After Their Meeting, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.
07 November 2013 Secretary Kerry's Joint Press Availability With Jordanian Foreign Minister Nasser Judeh "I came here today to Amman on President Obama’s behalf directly from Jerusalem and Bethlehem, where I held meetings with both Prime Minister Netanyahu and with President Abbas. The meetings obviously are about the critical question of how we can bring peace to Palestinians and Israelis – long overdue, long consuming, now, generations."
06 November 2013 Kerry Announces Infrastructure Aid for Palestinians Secretary of State John Kerry stood in Bethlehem’s historic Manger
Square on November 6 to reaffirm the U.S. commitment “to bring lasting
peace to the people of this region.” Kerry announced more U.S. assistance to the Palestinian Authority for
infrastructure projects improving roads, schools and community centers
as part of a larger effort to stimulate economic activity.
• U.S. Announces $75 Million to Support the Palestinian Authority's High Impact Micro-Infrastructure Initiative (HIMII)
06 November 2013 Secretary Kerry's Remarks With Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu Before Their Meeting Remarks by Secretary Kerry in Jerusalem.
05 November 2013 Kerry Says U.S. Is Friend, Partner to Egyptian People Secretary of State John Kerry said during a brief visit to Cairo for talks with senior Egyptian leaders that the United States is a friend and partner to the Egyptian people and the nation. Kerry acknowledged that it has been a difficult time and that there have been a turbulent couple of years for Egyptians, but he said the people have also shown the world how strong they are in the face of this transition and they have demonstrated a significant resolve.
05 November 2013 State Dept. Background Briefing: U.S. Officials on Syria Geneva, Switzerland.
04 November 2013 Kerry, Saudi Arabian Foreign Minister Saud on Syria, Iran "A true relationship between friends is based on sincerity, candor, and frankness rather than mere courtesy. Within this perspective, it’s only natural that our policies and views might see agreement in some areas and disagreement in others. That’s perfectly normal in any serious relationship that spans a wide range of issues."
03 November 2013 Secretary Kerry's Remarks With Egyptian Foreign Minister Nabil Fahmy
02 November 2013 U.N. Envoy Power on Mideast Policy Issues, Fighting Intolerance Remarks by Ambassador Samantha Power, U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations, at the Anti-Defamation League's National Commission Centennial Meeting.
01 November 2013 Readout of Secretary Kerry's Meeting with Iraqi Foreign Minister Hoshyar Zebari Yesterday, Secretary Kerry met with Iraqi Foreign Minister Zebari to discuss recent developments in Iraq and the region. The Secretary reaffirmed our countries’ strong partnership and committed to continuing to work closely with the Government of Iraq on our shared challenges.
31 October 2013 Kerry on Progress in Eliminating Syria's Chemical Weapons "International inspectors have worked with unprecedented speed to accomplish the first milestone in eliminating Syria’s chemical weapons and reducing the possibility that they will ever be used again. Now we must make sure the job is finished and that every one of these banned weapons is removed and destroyed. This is meaningful progress which many believed would be impossible. The progress must continue."
29 October 2013 USAID’s Romanowski on U.S. Assistance Programs in Egypt Since the start of the January 2011 revolution, USAID’s portfolio in Egypt has focused on responding to the Egyptian people’s demands for jobs, accountability, and rights. In the wake of the events of July 3, these priorities remain intact.
29 October 2013 U.S. Sees Seeds of Egyptian Democracy, but Holds Aid The Obama administration is maintaining a delicate balance in its response to the upheaval that has accompanied Egypt’s third different government since 2011.
22 October 2013 Kerry: Friends of Syria Seek November Peace Conference Secretary of State John Kerry says he is hopeful that new Geneva
talks can begin in November to resolve the 2½-year Syrian civil war and
lead to a transitional government. Diplomats from 11 Western and Middle Eastern nations met for two days in London to develop plans
for a peace conference and also to encourage opposition groups to
participate in a negotiated settlement. The conference was hosted by
British Foreign Secretary William Hague.
• Kerry on London 11's Meeting on Syria
• Final Communiqué from London 11 Meeting on Syria
21 October 2013 United States Contributes Armored Vehicles To Assist in Elimination of Syria's Chemical Weapons The United States provided ten armored vehicles to the United Nations to support UN and OPCW efforts to verify and destroy Syria’s chemical weapons.
14 October 2013 Secretary Kerry's Remarks With UN Special Representative Lakhdar Brahimi Following Their Meeting "Special Representative Brahimi and I agree, as do many others, that there is no military solution in Syria, and we believe it is urgent to set a date, convene the conference, and work towards a new Syria. … There has to be a new governing entity in Syria in order to permit the possibility of peace."
10 October 2013 United States Reduces Some Military Assistance to Egypt The United States will reduce delivery of some military and cash
assistance to Egypt pending “credible progress” toward an inclusive,
democratically elected civilian government with free and fair elections,
U.S. State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki says.
• Background Briefing by Senior Administration Officials on U.S. Assistance to Egypt (via State.gov)
09 October 2013 State Department on U.S. Assistance to Egypt As a result of the review directed by President Obama, we have decided to maintain our relationship with the Egyptian government, while recalibrating our assistance to Egypt to best advance our interests. The United States will work with the interim Egyptian government and Congress to continue to provide support that directly benefits the Egyptian people in areas like health, education, and private sector development.
30 September 2013 U.S., U.N. Partners Seek Solutions to Syrian Refugee Crisis Regional stability and economies are at risk as the Syrian humanitarian crisis becomes “the world’s largest mass displacement in over three decades,” according to U.S. Deputy Secretary of State William Burns, speaking in Geneva. Seven million Syrians have run from the violence in their neighborhoods; 2 million of them are refugees in neighboring countries, Burns said, while unknown thousands more seek safety wherever it can be found.
30 September 2013 Secretary Kerry's Interview on "60 Minutes" on Syria, Iran
25 September 2013 Secretary Kerry on Middle East Peace Negotiations Remarks by Secretary of State John Kerry at the Meeting of the Ad Hoc Liaison Committee, United Nations, New York, New York.
24 September 2013 Fact Sheet: U.S. Security Assistance to Lebanon The United States recognizes the important role the Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF) play as Lebanon’s sole legitimate defense force. We value our on-going cooperation with Lebanon to strengthen the capacity of the LAF to enable it to secure Lebanon’s borders and defend its sovereignty and independence. U.S. security assistance also supports the LAF’s mission to implement UN Security Council Resolutions 1559 and 1701. U.S. support comprises approximately 75% of all international security assistance to Lebanon.
24 September 2013 Additional Humanitarian Assistance for Lebanese Host Communities and Refugees from Syria The United States is committed to supporting Lebanon’s efforts to provide protection and assistance to those who have fled Syria, in conjunction with UN agencies and non-governmental organization partners. Today, President Obama announced that the United States is contributing nearly $340 million in additional humanitarian assistance to support those affected by the crisis.
24 September 2013 Updated: Fact sheet on U.S. Humanitarian Assistance for Syria
19 September 2013 U.S. Aid Officials Brace for Long Syria Refugee Crisis The Syrian refugee crisis is accelerating at a rate that threatens to
strain the resources and endanger the security of neighboring nations
that have offered safe haven to civilians fleeing the conflict. U.S
humanitarian assistance officials say they are giving a new level of
attention to helping Jordan, Lebanon and Iraq sustain their efforts to
19 September 2013 Kerry Says Time Grows Short to Remove Syrian Chemical Weapons Secretary of State John Kerry says it is imperative for the U.N. Security Council to act on the U.N. inspectors’ report that unequivocally shows a deadly nerve agent was used in an August 21 rocket attack that killed nearly 1,500 Syrian civilians.
• Kerry on Proof of Syria's Use of Chemical Weapons
18 September 2013 Military Assets Ready to Back Up Diplomatic Push with Syria U.S. military assets remain ready to launch attacks if the diplomatic efforts to secure and dismantle the Syrian regime’s chemical arms should fail, said senior defense officials. In a Pentagon news conference, Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel and Army General Martin E. Dempsey, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said the military role today is limited.
17 September 2013 United States Says U.N. Report on Syria Confirms Sarin Gas Attack National Security Advisor Susan Rice says that a U.N. chemical weapons investigation confirms a previous U.S. intelligence assessment that Syrian civilians were killed August 21 in the suburbs of Damascus by a lethal sarin gas attack.
16 September 2013 Secretary Kerry’s Remarks with UK, French Leaders on Syria
16 September 2013 Security Adviser Rice on U.N. Report on Chemical Weapons Use
16 September 2013 White House on Chemical Weapons Protection in Syria
15 September 2013 Agreement Sets Goal of Eliminating Syrian Chemical Weapons An agreement worked out between Secretary of State John Kerry and Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov represents a concrete step toward eliminating Syria’s lethal and extensive chemical weapons program, says President Obama. Kerry and Lavrov reached agreement September 14 in Geneva on a diplomatic framework to eliminate one of the largest stockpiles of chemical weapons in the Middle East.
12 September 2013 Joint Statement by Kerry, Russian FM Lavrov on Syria
11 September 2013 Amb. Power at U.N. Panel Dialogue on Responsibility to Protect
10 September 2013 Obama's National Address on Why Syria Matters President Obama makes a nationally televised address on why Syria matters and what the United States is doing about it.
10 September 2013 Proposed Authorization to Use Military Force in Syria Secretary of State John Kerry's Opening Remarks Before the House Armed Services Committee.
09 September 2013 White House on More Countries in Support of Syria Joint Statement On September 6, the United States and 10 other countries issued a joint statement on Syria (Whitehouse.gov), condemning in the strongest terms the Assad regime’s use of chemical weapons on August 21 in the suburbs of Damascus and calling for a strong international response. Since the issuance of that statement, additional countries (marked by an asterisk) have signed on to the statement and publicly support its content.
09 September 2013 Security Adviser Rice on Why U.S. Must Act in Syria "Time and again, we have seen what happens when the world fails to respond to horrific abuses on the scale we saw in Damascus. … I believe you will come to the same conclusion as the President and so many countries around the world: that this cannot stand. Not in the 21st century. Not given the values and principles that we as Americans hold dear. As the one indispensable leader in the world, the United States of America can and must take action — carefully, responsibly, purposefully — to reduce the chances of such an outrage happening again."
08 September 2013 Joint Statement by Secretary of State John Kerry and a Ministerial Delegation of the Arab Peace Initiative (via State.gov) The U.S. Secretary of State provided an update on the ongoing permanent status negotiations between Palestinians and Israelis and reiterated the United States' commitment to pursuing intensive negotiations to end the conflict through a permanent status agreement.
06 September 2013 Joint Statement on Syria from Leaders of 11 Nations (Whitehouse.gov)
05 September 2013 U.S., Russia Can Make Bilateral Progress, DOD Official Says The United States and Russia disagree on some aspects of their bilateral relations, but there are many areas where the countries can and do cooperate, the deputy assistant secretary of defense for Russia, Ukraine and Eurasia told the Heritage Foundation. “We will continue to work with Russia to find mutually acceptable solutions,” Farkas said in her prepared remarks. “We’ve been managing a significant disagreement with the Russians over Syria.”
05 September 2013 Remarks by Ambassador Samantha Power, U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations, at the Security Council Stakeout on Syria.
04 September 2013 White House on Senate Committee's Action on Syria This afternoon, on a bipartisan basis, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee approved a resolution authorizing U.S. military action in Syria. … The military action authorized in the resolution would uphold America's national security interests by degrading Assad's chemical weapons capability and deterring the future use of these weapons, even as we pursue a broader strategy of strengthening the opposition to hasten a political transition in Syria.
04 September 2013 Kerry at House Foreign Affairs Committee Hearing on Syria "This is not the time for armchair isolationism. This is not the time to be spectators to slaughter. This is not the time to give permission to a dictator who has already used these weapons the unfettered ability to continue to use them because we stepped back. Neither our country nor our conscience can afford the cost of silence or inaction."
03 September 2013 Obama Before Meeting with Congress on Situation in Syria "This is not Iraq and this is not Afghanistan. This is a limited, proportional step that will send a clear message not only to the Assad regime, but also to other countries that may be interested in testing some of these international norms, that there are consequences."
03 September 2013 Kerry's Opening Remarks at Senate Hearing on Syrian Crisis "So let me be clear: President Obama is not asking America to go to war.
... He’s asking for authorization to degrade and deter Bashar
al-Assad’s capacity to use chemical weapons."
• Defense Secretary Hagel at Senate Hearing on Syria
01 September 2013 Secretary Kerry's Interview on CNN on Syria "I believe this case is powerful and grows more powerful by the day. I can share with you today that blood and hair samples that have come to us through an appropriate chain of custody from east Damascus, from first responders, it has tested positive for signatures of sarin. So each day that goes by, this case is even stronger."
31 August 2013 Obama to Seek Congress' Support on Response to Syria Chemical Use
President Obama announced that he will seek support from the U.S.
Congress to carry out a limited military response against the regime of
Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, which executed a poison gas attack
August 21 that killed 1,429 Syrian civilians in the Damascus suburbs.
• Statement by President Obama on Syria (Whitehouse.gov)
30 August 2013 Kerry Calls Syrian Chemical Attack Crime Against Humanity Secretary of State John Kerry says there is clear and compelling
evidence that the regime of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad executed a
deadly chemical weapons attack against Syrian civilians August 21 that
killed at least 1,429 people, including 426 children. “This is the indiscriminate, inconceivable horror of chemical
weapons,” Kerry said in a nationally broadcast briefing from the State
Department. “This is what Assad did to his own people.”
• White House on Assessment of Syrian Use of Chemical Weapons
27 August 2013 Global Norms Demand Response to Chemical Weapons Use The United States has a national security stake in defending
international prohibitions on the use of chemical weapons. Syria’s
apparent “flagrant violation” of that standard demands a response,
according to White House spokesman Jay Carney.
• Biden's Call with U.K. Deputy Prime Minister Clegg
27 August 2013 Hagel: U.S. Continues to Work With Other Nations on Syria While traveling in Southeast Asia, Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel spoke by phone with British Defense Secretary Philip Hammond and French Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian about chemical attacks that have killed innocent civilians in Syria. In a summary of the conversations, Pentagon press secretary George Little said Hagel conveyed that the United States is committed to working with the international community to respond to the “outrageous” attacks.
26 August 2013 Kerry Calls for Accountability on Syrian Chemical Attack Secretary of State John Kerry said August 28 that there must be accountability for the suspected chemical weapons attacks that occurred August 22 in Syria. The Obama administration is in active consultation with allies about what the international response should be.
21 August 2013 U.S. Urges Investigation of Alleged Syrian Chemical Attack The Obama administration expressed deep concern over reports that hundreds of Syrian civilians were killed near Damascus in an attack that included the use of chemical weapons and requested that a United Nations team in Syria be allowed immediate and unfettered access to investigate the reports.
19 August 2013 U.S. Deplores Ongoing Violence in Egypt The Obama administration has condemned the continuing violence in Egypt, including attacks on security forces in the Sinai peninsula and Christian institutions, and the deaths of Muslim Brotherhood prisoners held in detention. Speaking to reporters August 19, State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki said there have been many instances of violence stemming from the political conflict between Egypt’s interim government and supporters of deposed President Mohamed Morsy. She urged all sides to refrain from further bloodshed.
15 August 2013 Obama Cancels Military Exercise with Egypt in Wake of Violence President Obama says the United States is cancelling its biennial joint military exercise with Egypt, scheduled for September, in response to violence in the country between Egyptian security forces and the Muslim Brotherhood. “While we want to sustain our relationship with Egypt, our traditional cooperation cannot continue as usual when civilians are being killed in the streets and rights are being rolled back,” Obama said August 15 in Chilmark, Massachusetts.
14 August 2013 U.S. Deplores Egyptian Violence and Return to Emergency Law Secretary of State John Kerry says the violence between Egyptian
security forces and supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood has dealt “a
serious blow” to the country’s reconciliation and to the hopes of
Egyptians that their country will transition to a more democratic and
inclusive society, and the country stands at a “pivotal moment.”
• Secretary Kerry on Egypt
10 August 2013 State Department on Terrorist Attacks in Iraq
07 August 2013 Obama's Increase of Humanitarian Aid for Syria Crisis On the occasion of Eid al-Fitr, President Obama announced today more than $195 million in additional humanitarian assistance to provide life-saving food, medical care, and relief supplies for people affected by the ongoing conflict in Syria.
05 August 2013 Dempsey Addresses Middle East Security Concerns As part of a wide-ranging interview aired yesterday on the ABC News program “This Week With George Stephanopoulis,” the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Dempsey discussed security of the greater Middle East.
02 August 2013 Obama Upbeat About Yemen’s Future Under President Hadi
01 August 2013 President Obama's Call with Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu
30 July 2013 Israel, Palestinians Set Goal of Final Peace Agreement in 2014 Secretary of State John Kerry says Israeli and Palestinian officials will meet to begin the process of formal negotiations within the next two weeks, with the objective of achieving a final status agreement by May 2014.
•Senior U.S. Officials on Israeli-Palestinian Peace Talks
29 July 2013 Obama Says Mideast Peace Is “Possible and Necessary” As Israeli and Palestinian officials gather in Washington to discuss meetings about a future final peace status, President Obama says Middle East peace is both possible and necessary, and that Martin Indyk will serve as the U.S. special envoy for Israeli-Palestinian negotiations.
29 July 2013 Kerry and Yemeni President Hadi Before Their Meeting
27 July 2013 Secretary Kerry on Situation in Egypt
18 July 2013 Egyptian Wants More Women in Politics Azza Kamel works to get more women involved in Egypt’s government. Director of Appropriate Communication Techniques for Development in Cairo, since 1990 Kamel has prepared Egyptian women to run for political office while advocating laws that uphold women’s rights and criminalize domestic violence.
18 July 2013 Young Libyan Dreams of Becoming President Ahmed AlBibs was in prison and slated to be put to death for wanting a government that citizens respected. The 25-year-old from Junzour, Libya, a few kilometers west of Tripoli, had recently graduated from Tripoli University with a degree in mechanical and industrial engineering. But days before his scheduled execution, Tripoli was liberated and AlBibs was freed.
17 July 2013 Kerry Says Projects Forthcoming to Boost Palestinian Economy Secretary of State John Kerry says major business leaders and consultants, following their in-depth analysis of the Palestinian economy, are designing projects aimed at doubling the gross domestic product (GDP) in the West Bank and Gaza over the next three years.
15 July 2013 Senior State Department Official On Secretary Kerry's Trip To Amman, Jordan (via State.gov) "The Secretary will travel to Amman, Jordan, departing Washington this afternoon, July 15th. In Jordan he will be meeting with Jordanian officials and with Arab League officials. He will be meeting with them to give an update on the Middle East peace process, as he said he would when he met with the same Arab League committee in Washington on April 29th."
15 July 2013 Deputy Secretary of State Burns Press Availability in Cairo, Egypt "My message has been simple: The United States remains deeply committed to Egypt’s democratic success and prosperity. We want a strong Egypt; an Egypt which is stable, democratic, inclusive, and tolerant; an Egypt which address the needs and respects the rights of all of its citizens. That is the Egypt that Egyptians deserve. That is the Egypt that can lead the rest of the region to a better future, as it has done so often during its rich and proud history. And that is the Egypt that can remain a pillar of moderation and regional peace at a time when violent extremists across the Middle East prey on frustration and hopelessness."
09 July 2013 U.S. Program Champions Middle East Pluralism This is one in a series of articles about people who have participated in the U.S. Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI). In 2013, MEPI marks its 10-year anniversary.
09 July 2013 UN Security Council Press Statement on Lebanon (via USUN.state.gov) The members of the Security Council strongly condemned the terrorist attack on 9 July 2013 in Beirut. … The members of the Security Council reaffirmed that terrorism in all its forms and manifestations constitutes one of the most serious threats to international peace and security, and that any acts of terrorism are criminal and unjustifiable, regardless of their motivation, wherever, whenever and by whomsoever committed. The members of the Security Council reiterated their determination to combat all forms of terrorism, in accordance with its responsibilities under the Charter of the United Nations.
07 July 2013 Secretary Kerry on Violence in Egypt
01 July 2013 Obama's Call with President Morsi of Egypt President Obama called President Morsy on Monday, July 1, to convey his concerns about recent developments in Egypt. The President told President Morsy that the United States is committed to the democratic process in Egypt and does not support any single party or group. He stressed that democracy is about more than elections; it is also about ensuring that the voices of all Egyptians are heard and represented by their government, including the many Egyptians demonstrating throughout the country.
17 June 2013 White House Fact Sheet: New U.S. Humanitarian Aid to Syrians Today, during his meeting with G-8 leaders in Lough Erne, Northern Ireland, President Obama announced over $300 million in additional life-saving humanitarian assistance to help feed, shelter, and provide medical care for children, women, and men affected by the ongoing conflict in Syria. The United States remains the single-largest contributor of humanitarian assistance for the Syrian people, and this new contribution brings total U.S. humanitarian assistance for the Syria crisis to nearly $815 million since the crisis began.
14 June 2013 Syrian Regime Used Deadly Chemical Weapons, White House Says The White House says Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s regime has used deadly chemical weapons on the Syrian people in at least eight attacks violating international law. President Obama has made clear that the use of chemical weapons on the Syrian people by the Assad regime in any amount or circumstance, or the transfer of chemical weapons to terrorist groups, is a limit that is unacceptable and violates long-established international norms against the use of chemical weapons, Deputy National Security Advisor Ben Rhodes said June 13 in a White House conference call with journalists.
13 June 2013 White House on Chemical Weapons Use in Syria "Following a deliberative review, our intelligence community assesses that the Assad regime has used chemical weapons, including the nerve agent sarin, on a small scale against the opposition multiple times in the last year".
12 June 2013 State Dept. Background Briefing on Easing of U.S. Economic Sanctions In Support of the Syrian People "The Department of State, the Department of Treasury, and the Department of Commerce are taking three actions today to ease the economic sanctions in those opposition areas of Syria."
05 June 2013 White House on Situation in Qusayr, Syria "The United States condemns in the strongest possible terms the Assad regime’s assault on Qusayr, which has killed untold numbers of civilians and is causing tremendous humanitarian suffering. The Syrian Arab Republic Government and other parties to this conflict have an obligation under international human rights and humanitarian law to immediately allow neutral, impartial humanitarian organizations, including UN agencies, safe access to evacuate the wounded and provide life-saving medical supplies and treatment."
29 May 2013 Ambassador Rice at U.N. on Syria, Sudan
28 May 2013 Kerry Unveils $4 Billion Investment Plan for Palestinians In a speech at the World Economic Forum in Jordan, Secretary of State John Kerry said the $4 billion investment could expand the Palestinian gross domestic product by as much as 50 percent over three years, cut unemployment from 21 percent today to 8 percent, and increase the median annual wage by as much as 40 percent.
24 May 2013 Kerry Urges Israeli, Palestinian Leaders to Restart Peace Talks Secretary of State John Kerry has appealed to Israeli Prime Minister
Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas to
“demonstrate the leadership” needed to restart Israeli-Palestinian peace
talks. “I call on both of them in the next days to demonstrate the
leadership that I believe the people in the Palestinian Territories and
in Israel hope for,” Kerry said in Tel Aviv, Israel, after
meetings with Netanyahu, Abbas and Israeli President Shimon Peres.
• Kerry in Tel Aviv on Middle East Peace, Iran
22 May 2013 Friends of Syria Press for Syrian Peace Conference Secretary of State John Kerry met in Amman, Jordan, with the foreign
ministers of 10 countries in Europe and the Middle East to plot a common
course aimed at convening an international conference in Geneva to end
the war in Syria. Gathering with Kerry were his counterparts from Jordan, Turkey,
Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Egypt, Bahrain, France,
Germany and Italy. The 11-member group, known as the Friends of Syria,
supports the Syrian opposition in its struggle to drive the Syrian
regime of President Bashar al-Assad from power.
• Kerry at Meeting in Jordan on Syria
• Statement from 11 Nations at Meeting in Jordan on Syria
20 May 2013 Russian Missiles in Syria Prolong Suffering, U.S. General Says Russia’s planned delivery of advanced anti-ship missiles and the S-300 air defense system to Syria “is at the very least an unfortunate decision that will embolden the regime and prolong the suffering,” said Army General Martin E. Dempsey during a Pentagon news conference.
17 May 2013 U.S. Increases Sanctions Against Syria (via IIPDigital) The U.S. Treasury Department announced May 16 that it has taken action targeting senior Syrian officials, as well as companies supporting the government of Syria and linked to Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps-Qods Force and Hezbollah.
15 May 2013 U.S. Diaspora Communities Could Strengthen Middle East Nations Middle East–born Americans are important sources of the investment, skills and volunteerism that countries in their home region need to energize economic development, says America’s top diplomat for economic growth, energy and the environment.
09 May 2013 Fact Sheet : U.S. Government Assistance to Syria
08 May 2013 Amb. DiCarlo at U.N. Briefing on Situation in Libya Remarks by Ambassador Rosemary DiCarlo, Deputy U.S. Representative to the United Nations, At a Security Council Briefing by the International Criminal Court Prosecutor on the Situation in Libya.
08 May 2013 U.S. Announces Additional Humanitarian Assistance in Response to the Syrian Crisis The United States is providing an additional $100 million in humanitarian assistance to support those affected by the violence within Syria and the more than 1.4 million refugees across the region. This new funding is in addition to the nearly $25 million in food assistance for Syria announced by Secretary Kerry in Istanbul April 21. The United States remains the single-largest contributor of humanitarian assistance for the Syrian people, and with today’s announcement, is now providing nearly $510 million in humanitarian assistance.
06 May 2013 Deputy Secretary Burns on America and a Changing Middle East "Tempting though it may be, we do not have the luxury of pivoting away from the Middle East, which sometimes has a nasty way of reminding us of its relevance. We don’t have the luxury of pivoting away from a part of the world that holds some of our closest allies, and a very sizeable chunk of the world’s oil reserves, on which the global economy is still dependent even if we are headed towards self-sufficiency. And we don’t have the luxury of pivoting away from a part of the world that holds several of the world’s most poisonous regional conflicts, and violent extremists who feed on the region’s bitterness and alienation."
30 April 2013 Arab League, U.S. Officials Reaffirm Peace Initiative Vice President Biden and Secretary of State John Kerry met with senior Arab League officials to discuss the 10-year-old Arab Peace Initiative’s role in helping to resolve the long-standing Arab-Israeli conflict. Biden and Kerry met with Qatari Prime Minister Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim bin Jabr Al Thani, chairman of the Arab Peace Initiative follow-up committee; Arab League Secretary-General Nabil Elaraby; and senior officials from Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, the Palestinian Territories and Saudi Arabia at Blair House, across from the White House.
29 April 2013 Meeting With Arab League Officials Secretary Kerry's remarks with Qatari Prime Minister Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim bin Jabr Al Thani before meeting with Arab League Officials.
26 April 2013 U.S. Presses for Corroborating Facts on Chemical Weapons in Syria The U.S. government says its intelligence assessments indicate “with
varying degrees of confidence” that the Syrian regime of President
Bashar al-Assad has used chemical weapons against the Syrian people,
according to Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel.
• Background Conference Call by White House Official on Syria (Whitehouse.gov)
26 April 2013 Obama, Jordanian King Abdullah II Before Their Meeting President Obama and Jordanian King Abdullah II discuss the situation in Syria, the Middle East and the bilateral relationship in remarks to reporters before their meeting at the White House.
25 April 2013 White House Official on Events in Syria
23 April 2013 U.S. Officials on Combating Illicit Finance in Middle East Foreign Press Center briefing with Department of the Treasury under secretary for terrorism and financial intelligence David Cohen; and Drug Enforcement Administration special agent in charge of the special operations division Derek Maltz.
21 April 2013 United States Doubles Aid to Syrian Opposition Secretary of State John Kerry announced that the United States is doubling nonlethal humanitarian assistance to the regime opposition in
Syria to underscore America’s firm support for a political resolution to
the two-year-old violent crisis in Syria. The aid was announced by Kerry followed a marathon meeting with
Syrian Opposition Coalition President Moaz al-Khatib, members of the
coalition’s leadership and other international partners supporting the opposition.
• State Dept. Fact Sheet: Doubling of U.S. Aid to Syrian Opposition
17 April 2013 Hagel Orders Unit to Jordan, Warns About Intervention in Syria Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel announced the deployment of an Army headquarters element to help Jordanian forces defend their border with Syria, while warning Congress of potential consequences of direct U.S. military action in the Syrian conflict.
17 April 2013 Kerry Cites Urgency in Mideast Peace Process Secretary of State John Kerry says there is urgency in achieving a two-state solution in Middle East peace talks, and added that both sides — the Israelis and the Palestinians — have a “seriousness of purpose, a commitment to explore how we actually get to a negotiation.”
11 April 2013 U.S. Supports Negotiated Political Solution in Syria The Obama administration believes that the best end to the crisis in Syria will come about through a negotiated political solution between the Syrian opposition and members of the government “without blood on their hands” to form a mutually agreeable transitional government to guide the country to elections.
09 April 2013 Kerry in Tel Aviv on Mideast Peace Talks, Syria and Iran
27 March 2013 U.S. Providing Humanitarian, Nonlethal Aid to Syria The United States is providing an “exceptional amount” of humanitarian aid to the Syrian people and rising levels of nonlethal assistance to the Syrian opposition, according to White House press secretary Jay Carney.
23 March 2013 Secretary Kerry on Reconciliation between Israel and Turkey (State.gov) "The reconciliation between Israel and Turkey is a very important development that will help advance the cause of peace and stability in the region. Prime Minister Netanyahu and Prime Minister Erdogan deserve great credit for showing the leadership necessary to make this possible. "
22 March 2013 Obama Offers Jordan Loan Guarantees, Aid for Syrian Refugees President Obama said Jordan is an example of the benefits of peaceful reforms and told King Abdullah II that the United States will work with him and Prime Minister Abdullah Ensour as they build on Jordan’s progress. Speaking with King Abdullah in Amman, Obama said that despite their difficulty, Jordan’s economic reforms are essential over the long term to create “the kind of growth and opportunity and dynamism in the economy that will help the Jordanian people achieve their dreams.”
20 March 2013 U.S. Increases Nonlethal Aid to Syria's Opposition The United States is providing humanitarian and nonlethal assistance to Syria’s opposition so it can provide vital services to people in need and lay a foundation for a free Syria with an inclusive and effective civilian leadership, U.S. Ambassador to Syria Robert Ford said.
19 March 2013 U.S. Urges Donors to Fulfill Aid Pledges for Syria The United States is urging other donor countries to quickly honor their pledges to fund lifesaving assistance to more than 1 million Syrian refugees, says Anne Richard, assistant secretary of state for population, refugees and migration. So far, the United Nations Regional Response Plan for Syria has received just 21 percent of the funds it needs to operate in 2013, Richard said. Donors pledged $1.5 billion in funding for Syrian humanitarian aid at an international donors conference hosted by the Emir of Kuwait in January.
13 March 2013 Remarks by Kerry, Libyan Prime Minister in Washington
07 March 2013 Remarks by Deputy Secretary Burns at the Friends of Yemen Ministerial "All of us know that political renewal alone will not suffice. It must
be coupled with concrete steps on economic reform and development. The
United States strongly backs Yemen’s accession to the World Trade
Organization and participation in the G-8 Deauville Partnership with
Arab Countries in Transition. Together, these initiatives will integrate
Yemen into regional and global markets, improve the business climate,
accelerate economic activity, and secure a more prosperous and hopeful
future for all Yemenis."
• Fact Sheet on U.S. Assistance to Yemen
05 March 2013 U.S. Participation in the London Friends of Yemen Meeting (State.gov) On March 7, Deputy Secretary of State Bill Burns will lead the U.S. delegation to the Friends of Yemen ministerial meeting in London, United Kingdom.
04 March 2013 Facts on U.S. Assistance to the Syrian People The United States supports the Syrian people’s aspirations for a Syrian-led transition to a democratic, inclusive, and unified Syria. U.S. assistance includes vigorous diplomatic support of the Syrian Opposition Coalition, nearly $385 million in humanitarian assistance to help those affected by the conflict, and approximately $115 million in non-lethal support to the Syrian opposition, including for the SOC to assist local opposition councils and civil society to provide essential services and to extend the rule of law and enhance stability inside liberated areas of Syria; and soon we will be providing food rations and medical kits to both the SOC and the opposition’s Supreme Military Council to feed the hungry and tend to the sick and wounded.
04 March 2013 Saudi Arabia, U.S. in Broad Agreement on Multiple Issues The United States and Saudi Arabia are working cooperatively on nearly
every key issue of security and mutual importance, from Iran and Syria
to trade, women’s empowerment and educational exchanges, according to
Secretary of State John Kerry.
• Joint Statement by U.S., Saudi Arabia on Bilateral Relationship
03 March 2013 Kerry on U.S. Support for the Egyptian People "The American people want to see the political and economic success of
our long-time partners and friends in Egypt. We look forward to
continuing to work closely with all Egyptians as they define their own
path to economic strength, a working democracy, and regional peace and
02 March 2013 Kerry on Economic Challenges in Egypt "We come here – I come here – on behalf of President Obama, committed not to any party, not to any one person, not to any specific political point of view, but filled with the commitment that Americans have to democracy, to a robust commitment to our values – to human rights, to freedom of expression, to tolerance."
28 February 2013 U.S. Shifts Policy on Syria, Announces Direct Support for Rebels The United States has shifted its policy toward Syria by deciding for the first time to send assistance directly to the rebels fighting to topple the regime of Bashar al-Assad in Damascus.
25 February 2013 Kerry Condemns Syrian Rocket Attacks on Aleppo Speaking with British Foreign Secretary William Hague in London February 25, Kerry said the United States condemns the “indiscriminate killing of innocent civilians” that took the lives of several dozen people in Aleppo February 22 “in the strongest terms” and said “it is just further evidence that Assad has to go.”
24 February 2013 U.S. Condemnation of Attacks on Aleppo, Syria "The Asad regime has no legitimacy and remains in power only through brute force. From the city of Deir Zour in the far eastern part of Syria to the mountains of Jebel Akrad near the Mediterranean, Syrians across the country have demanded that Asad, and the architects of his violent campaign, step aside and allow a Syrian-led political transition to begin so that the rights of all Syrians can be respected, and the country can begin to rebuild"
21 February 2013 Displaced Syrians Get Help with Improving Hygiene After nearly two years of ongoing brutal conflict, more than 4 million people in Syria are in need of humanitarian assistance, including some 2.5 million who are displaced from their homes. Good basic personal hygiene and hand washing are critical to help prevent the spread of illness and disease, and providing basic hygiene supplies and education was identified as a priority in the camp.
20 February 2013 State Dept. Fact Sheet on Syria Justice and Accountability Center
19 February 2013 U.S. Announcement on Additional Aid in Response to Syria Crisis "Today in Geneva, Switzerland, at the Syria Humanitarian Forum, U.S. Agency for International Development Assistant Administrator for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance, Nancy Lindborg announced that the U.S. is providing an additional $19 million in humanitarian assistance in response to urgent needs emanating from the brutal conflict in Syria."
13 February 2013 Secretary Kerry Praises “Milestone” Election in Jordan Citing a record turnout in Jordan’s January 23 elections, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said the vote represents “a huge first step” in Jordan’s political reform process.
11 February 2013 U.N. Workers in Syria Are Heroic, State Dept. Official Says
11 February 2013 Access Critical to Meet Humanitarian Needs of Syrian People
06 February 2013 Syrian Humanitarian Effort Strives to Meet Need, U.S. Says U.S. officials involved in the humanitarian relief effort briefed reporters on the U.S. contribution of $365 million.
02 February 2013 Summary of Biden's Meetings with Syria Representatives Readout of Vice President Biden's Meetings with United Nations and Arab League Joint Special Representative Lakhdar Brahimi and Syrian Opposition Coalition President Moaz al-Khatib.
01 February 2013 Biden and Syrian Opposition Leadership to Meet in Germany The highest-level meetings to date between U.S. officials and the Syrian opposition will take place in Germany, U.S. Ambassador to Syria Robert Ford told Al-Hurra Television. The meetings, Ford said, are a sign of the growing relationship between the United States and the Syrian opposition.
31 January 2013 Kuwait, U.S., U.N. Show Global Solidarity in Humanitarian Effort An international pledging conference in Kuwait January 30 allowed attending nations to show “global solidarity” in support of humanitarian needs for Syrians, according to U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon
30 January 2013 State's Richard at the International Pledging Conference for Syria, Kuwait "The United States recognizes the UN’s leadership, strongly supports the UN’s humanitarian response to the Syria crisis, and appreciates the UN’s critical coordinating role."
29 January 2013 U.S. Delivers $155 Million More to Relieve Syria's Suffering The United States is releasing an additional $155 million to buy food, blankets, medical supplies and other types of humanitarian assistance to help Syrians suffering under the Assad regime. The latest infusion of U.S. aid brings the U.S. total to $365 million, more than any other single donor of assistance to the Syrian people.
25 January 2013 Syrian Refugees Tell U.S. Officials "Heartbreaking" Stories More than 650,000 Syrian refugees have fled the 2-year-old uprising in their country, traveling to neighboring Jordan, Iraq, Lebanon, Turkey and Egypt. Top U.S. aid officials were in the Islahiye Camp in Turkey, spending hours with camp staff and refugees.
25 January 2013 U.S. Announcement of More Humanitarian Aid for Syria Crisis Today in Ankara, Turkey, U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Assistant Administrator for Democracy, Conflict, & Humanitarian Assistance Nancy Lindborg announced that the United States is providing an additional $10 million in humanitarian assistance in response to urgent needs resulting from the brutal conflict in Syria. With this new assistance, the United States is providing $220 million to date to help those suffering inside Syria and refugees in the neighboring countries.
23 January 2013 Benghazi: The Attacks and the Lessons Learned Secretary Clinton's Opening Remarks Before the Senate Foreign Affairs Committee.
23 January 2013 Terrorist Attack in Benghazi: The Secretary of State's View Secretary Clinton's Opening Remarks Before the House Foreign Affairs Committee.
16 January 2013 Public Diplomacy in A Changing Middle East Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs Tara Sonenshine remarks at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy.
16 January 2013 Joint Statement by U.S., Saudi Arabia on Bilateral Relationship
10 January 2013 State Dept. Fact Sheet: U.S. Response to Syria Crisis in 2012 In 2012, U.S. contributions of humanitarian assistance for Syria totaled $210 million. Life-saving food, medical treatment, blankets, and essential winter supplies reached millions of vulnerable people in all 14 governorates inside Syria, as well as refugees outside the country. In Aleppo alone, U.S.-funded humanitarian assistance helped more than 250,000 people in need. Life-saving aid is intentionally not labeled, as not to endanger its recipients or the humanitarian workers bravely working to deliver it.
09 January 2013 State Dept. Fact Sheet on U.S. Assistance to Syrian People (January 2013)
06 January 2013 State Dept. on Asad's Speech in Syria "Bashar al-Asad’s speech today is yet another attempt by the regime to cling to power and does nothing to advance the Syrian people’s goal of a political transition. His initiative is detached from reality, undermines the efforts of Joint Special Representative Lakhdar Brahimi, and would only allow the regime to further perpetuate its bloody oppression of the Syrian people."
25 December 2012 State Department on Egyptian Constitution Only Egyptians can decide their country’s future. The United States remains committed to helping them realize the aspirations that drove their revolution and complete a successful democratic transition. Egypt needs a strong, inclusive government to meet its many challenges.
19 December 2012 Briefing on Benghazi Attack Review Board Deputy Secretary of State William J. Burns, Accountability Review Board Chairman Ambassador Tom Pickering, and Vice Chairman Admiral Michael Mullen on the Accountability Review Board Report
17 December 2012 State Dept. on Airstrike in Yarmouk, Syria The United States is deeply concerned by reports that dozens of civilians, including women and children, were killed or wounded in Yarmouk, an area of Damascus home to 150,000 Palestinian refugees, as a result of aerial bombardment and fighting between Syrian government forces and armed opposition on December 16.
13 December 2012 United States Will Back Arab Democracy on Multiple Fronts The United States will work with elected leaders in emerging Arab democracies regardless of their political origins provided they pursue inclusive, pluralistic policies, Deputy Secretary of State William Burns says.
12 December 2012 U.S. Recognizes Syrian Opposition, Pledges More Aid The United States has recognized the Syrian Opposition Council as “the legitimate representative of the Syrian people” in opposition to the regime of Bashar al-Assad, and it is providing an additional $14 million in humanitarian assistance to help Syrians get emergency medical care and to prepare for the coming winter.
12 December 2012 Deputy Secretary Burns' Remarks to the Friends of the Syrian People (State.gov)
10 December 2012 State Dept. Fact Sheet on U.S. Government Aid for Syria The Department of State released a December factsheet on U.S. government assistance for Syria.
08 December 2012 State's Burns on U.S. Middle East Policy
03 December 2012 State Dept. on Israeli Settlement Announcements The United States opposes all unilateral actions, including West Bank settlement activity and housing construction in East Jerusalem, as they complicate efforts to resume direct, bilateral negotiations, and risk prejudging the outcome of those negotiations. This includes building in the E-1 area as this area is particularly sensitive and construction there would be especially damaging to efforts to achieve a two-state solution.
01 December 2012 Clinton: U.S. Remains Engaged in Middle East Peace Efforts Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, in a November 30 address in Washington, stressed the importance of peace talks between Israelis and Palestinians and steps forward in those negotiations as crucial elements for Middle East peace.
29 November 2012 Amb. Rice on U.N. Vote on Palestinian Observer State Status Explanation of Vote by Ambassador Susan E. Rice, U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations, Following UN General Assembly Vote on Palestinian Observer State Status Resolution
23 November 2012 State Dept. on Middle East Zone Free of WMD Conference
23 November 2012 The United States' Reaction to Egypt's November 22 Decisions "One of the aspirations of the revolution was to ensure that power would not be overly concentrated in the hands of any one person or institution."
21 November 2012 Ambassador Rice at U.N. on Middle East, Benghazi
21 November 2012 U.S. Welcomes Israeli-Palestinian Cease-fire The Obama administration welcomed a cease-fire agreement to end several days of fighting between Israel and Palestinians in Gaza. President Obama telephoned Morsi to thank the Egyptian leader for his efforts to achieve the cease-fire and for “his personal leadership in negotiating a cease-fire proposal.”
20 November 2012 Clinton in Mideast for Talks on Israel-Gaza Conflict Secretary
of State Clinton has arrived in the Middle East for
face-to-face meetings with Israeli, Palestinian and Egyptian leaders in
an effort to help end the violent conflict between Israelis and
Palestinians living in Gaza.
• Clinton, Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu Before Their Meeting
14 November 2012 U.S. Aid for Syria's Displaced Approaches $200 Million Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton announced a $30 million boost in assistance only days after a November 9 U.S. commitment for additional aid made during the Syrian Humanitarian Forum held in Geneva. Flowing through the World Food Programme, U.S. funds are helping to provide food aid to 1.5 million people in Syria and refugees who have fled to neighboring countries to escape the violence that began in March 2011.
• State Dept. Fact Sheet: Help for Entrepreneurs in Middle East
11 November 2012 State Dept. on Formation of the National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces "We look forward to supporting the National Coalition as it charts a course toward the end of Assad’s bloody rule and the start of the peaceful, just, democratic future that all the people of Syria deserve."
19 October 2012 U.S. Sanctions Business Associate of Muammar Qadhafi's Son The U.S. Department of the Treasury placed Dalene Sanders under sanctions for providing support and services to Saadi Qadhafi, son of former Libyan leader Muammar Qadhafi. “Today’s designation of a key, ongoing supporter of Saadi Qadhafi reflects the United States government’s steadfast commitment to a free and democratic Libya,” said Under Secretary of the Treasury for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence David S. Cohen.
15 October 2012 U.S. “Will Not Wait” to Help Syrian Opposition, Rice Says Syria’s opposition has grown stronger despite Bashar al-Assad’s “merciless assault” on the Syrian people and his attempts to cow them into submission, U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations Susan Rice told members of the U.N. Security Council.
02 October 2012 Clinton Announces More Humanitarian Aid for Syrian Crisis Secretary of State Clinton announced September 28 in New York that the United States is providing nearly $30 million more in humanitarian assistance to help those affected by the conflict in Syria. The money will provide additional medical supplies and emergency medical care, including mental health care for children who are suffering severely.
01 October 2012 Ministers' Meeting on Deauville Partnership with Arab Countries
28 September 2012 Clinton's Remarks at the Ad Hoc Friends of the Syrian People Ministerial
28 September 2012 G8 Countries Work to Empower Arab Social and Economic Reformers Addressing the September 28 meeting in New York of foreign ministers from the Group of Eight Deauville Partnership with Arab Countries in Transition, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton said the partnership, first announced in May, is “taking practical steps to help more people in the region feel the benefits of democracy in their daily lives.”
27 September 2012 State Dept. Fact Sheet on U.S. Aid to Yemen
A State Department fact sheet outlines U.S. government assistance to Yemen.
26 September 2012 Clinton on Support for Emerging Democracies Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton address the U.N. Security Council Session on Peace and Security in the Middle East about the need for the world .
25 September 2012 Briefing on Clinton's Bilateral Meetings on Syria, Lebanon
19 September 2012 U.S. Imposes Sanctions Related to Syria Violence The U.S. Department of the Treasury imposed sanctions against entities that support the Assad regime’s efforts to procure arms and communications equipment that contribute to the regime’s violence against the Syrian people.
17 September 2012 U.S. Says "Small Minority" Behind Mideast Protests Pending the final results of an investigation, the Obama administration believes the attack that killed four American diplomats in Libya on September 11 grew out of a spontaneous protest in Benghazi that a handful of well-armed extremists were able to exploit and escalate.
13 September 2012 U.S. a "Nation that Respects All Faiths" In condemning the attacks on the American mission in Benghazi, Libya, President Obama reaffirms the United States' commitment to religious tolerance.
13 September 2012 Secretary Clinton at Reception Marking Eid ul-Fitr
13 September 2012 Violence Against Innocents Dishonors Religion, Clinton Says Despite anger and grief over the deaths of U.S. diplomats in Libya, U.S. officials reaffirmed their commitment to religious tolerance and expressed gratitude for Muslims both inside the United States and around the world who have spoken out to say that violence has no place in religion.
12 September 2012 Obama Condemns Attack that Killed Four U.S. Diplomats in Benghazi President Obama and Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton condemned a rocket attack on the U.S. mission in Benghazi, Libya, that took the lives of four Americans, including U.S. Ambassador John Christopher Stevens.
12 September 2012 Remarks by the President On the Deaths of U.S. Embassy Staff in Libya
12 September 2012 Remarks by Secretary Clinton on the Death of American Personnel in Benghazi, Libya Yesterday, our U.S. diplomatic post in Benghazi, Libya was attacked. Heavily armed militants assaulted the compound and set fire to our buildings. American and Libyan security personnel battled the attackers together. Four Americans were killed. They included Sean Smith, a Foreign Service information management officer, and our Ambassador to Libya Chris Stevens.
• Biography of Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens
11 September 2012 Clinton on the Attack in Benghazi I condemn in the strongest terms the attack on our mission in Benghazi today. As we work to secure our personnel and facilities, we have confirmed that one of our State Department officers was killed. We are heartbroken by this terrible loss. Our thoughts and prayers are with his family and those who have suffered in this attack.
06 September 2012 Economic Rebalance: The Role of Infrastructure in the Success of the Arab Spring Speaker: Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary Deborah A. McCarthy.
05 September 2012 U.S. Now Providing $100 Million in Humanitarian Aid for Syrians The United States is providing an additional $21 million to the United Nations World Food Programme to support the estimated 2.5 million people in need of humanitarian assistance in Syria as well as the more than 240,000 people who have fled to neighboring countries to escape Syria’s ongoing conflict.
21 August 2012 U.S. Equipment, Training Reaching Syrian Opposition Along with giving $82 million in humanitarian assistance to Syrians, the U.S. government is also providing equipment and training to some Syrian activists as part of its pledge to give nonlethal assistance to the Syrian opposition.
17 August 2012 Clinton on Appointment of Lakhdar Brahimi as Envoy for Syria
16 August 2012 Syria’s Suspension from Islamic Group Shows Assad’s Isolation The Obama administration welcomed the decision of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) to suspend Syria’s membership in the OIC because of the ongoing violence against the Syrian people by Bashar al-Assad’s regime.
15 August 2012 Panetta: Iran Increases Support to Assad Regime Iran is increasing its presence in Syria, Defense Secretary Leon E. Panetta said August 14, through apparent efforts to bolster the Bashar Assad regime by training a militia and other tactics.
15 August 2012 Panetta, Dempsey Reassured By Talks with New Egyptian Leaders U.S. officials have good relations with the new Egyptian national defense leaders, Defense Secretary Leon E. Panetta said August 14.
14 August 2012 Panetta, General Dempsey on Afghanistan, Middle East
14 August 2012 U.S. Hopes Egyptian Civilian, Military Leaders Work Together
14 August 2012 U.S.-China Talks on Middle East in Beijing
13 August 2012 U.S. Pledges More Aid, Continued Support for Syrian People Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton has announced the United States will contribute an additional $5.5 million to support the more than 140,000 people who have fled Syria’s ongoing violence.
12 August 2012 Secretary Clinton, Turkish Foreign Minister on Syria Today we met to discuss what the United States and Turkey can do together, along with our international partners and our friends inside and outside of Syria, to respond to this growing humanitarian and political crisis.
10 August 2012 U.S. Sanctions Syrian Oil Company for Selling Gas to Iran The United States has imposed sanctions on Syria’s state-run oil company for selling gasoline to Iran, saying it will “employ all available measures” to halt sales of refined petroleum products to Iran.
10 August 2012 Background Briefing by U.S. Official on Syria After that Security Council resolution was vetoed, we made clear that we were shifting from New York to a focus on supporting the opposition in its efforts to hasten the day that Assad falls.
09 August 2012 Clinton: "New Chapter" for Libyans with Seating of Parliament Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton congratulated Libyans for the opening of their first democratically elected parliament in decades, and she pledged that the United States stands ready to work with the Libyan people as they build democratic institutions for their country.
09 August 2012 U.S. Backing Yemen's Political Transition, Development The United States is providing support for Yemen’s political transition, economic development and stability as part of the Obama administration’s commitment to “a Yemen that is more secure, peaceful and just,” a senior White House official says.
08 August 2012 White House Adviser on Comprehensive U.S. Approach to Yemen As Prepared for Delivery Remarks of John Brennan, Assistant to the President for Homeland Security and Counterterrorism, to the Council on Foreign Relations.
07 August 2012 U.S. Government Assistance to Yemen Yemen has experienced a significant transformation over the past year and is charting a path to democracy. A successful democratic transition will require Yemen to overcome a number of serious, complex, and inter-related challenges. The United States is supporting the Yemeni people’s efforts to achieve this goal through a comprehensive strategy that promotes political, economic, and security sector reforms that will enable the government to respond to the needs and aspirations of the Yemeni people. ... The United States provided Yemen with $147 million in assistance in Fiscal Year (FY) 2011 and plans to provide $337 million in FY 2012.
07 August 2012 Clinton Urges Post-Assad Syrian Transition Plan With Syrian leader Bashar al-Assad facing more high-level defections and a better coordinated opposition, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton said it is time for Syrians and their supporters in the international community to plan for what will happen once the Assad regime falls.
02 August 2012 Broken Promises, U.N. Inaction Doomed Annan's Syria Mission The Obama administration praised the efforts of Kofi Annan, the
outgoing joint special envoy of the United Nations and the Arab League
for the Syria crisis, but officials also said Annan’s efforts could not
succeed because the Syrian government would not honor its promises, and
the U.N. Security Council failed to support meaningful measures that
would pressure Syrians to begin a peaceful political process.
• Secretary Clinton on Resignation of Kofi Annan as Joint Special Envoy for Syria
19 July 2012 U.N. Envoy Rice's Response to Vetoing of Syria Resolution "It’s pitiful and deeply regrettable that again today Russia and China, for the third time, have vetoed a resolution that garnered the overwhelming support of this Security Council".
16 July 2012 Clinton in Jerusalem on Her Trip to Israel Remarks at press availability; comments on Egypt, Iran, U.S.- Israeli relations, Syria and Russia.
15 July 2012 Clinton Visits Egypt, Pledges U.S. Support for Egyptian People Secretary of State Clinton, in Cairo for talks with Egyptian leaders, reaffirmed The United States' strong support for the Egyptian people and their democratic transition. The meetings with Morsi, Amr and other Egyptian leaders focused on three areas — economic development and stabilization, democratic transition, and regional security.
15 July 2012 Clinton Remarks to Egyptian Women Leaders Remarks to To Egyptian Women Leaders at the U.S. Ambassador’s Residence, Cairo, Egypt.
12 July 2012 Envoy Rice: There Must Be Costs to Syrian Noncompliance The U.S. delegation to the United Nations is working with the United Kingdom and other countries in the Security Council to advance a draft resolution on the mandate for the U.N. observer mission in Syria that endorses U.N. Special Envoy Kofi Annan’s peace plan, as well as his call that there need to be “consequences for noncompliance.”
09 July 2012 Obama, Clinton Congratulate Libyans on Historic Election Libyans participated in their first election since the October 2011
overthrow of Muammar Qadhafi’s 41-year regime in what President Obama
says is a milestone for the country’s “extraordinary transition to
democracy.” Nearly 1.8 million of 2.8 million
registered voters cast their ballots July 7, making a turnout of around
• Statement by the President on Libya
08 July 2012 State's Burns After Meeting with Egyptian President Morsi "Finally, tens of millions of Egyptians will be looking to President Morsi and the Cabinet he forms to take needed steps to advance national unity and build an inclusive government that embraces all of Egypt's faiths and respects the rights of women and secular members of society. So will the international community. "
01 July 2012 Clinton's Interview in Geneva with Bloomberg
01 June 2012 Secretary Clinton's Interview with CNN on Syria
29 June 2012 Iran Facing Increased Financial Pressure over Nuclear Program U.S. officials say they have designed sanctions against Iran’s oil industry to pressure the Iranian government into addressing concerns that is it developing nuclear weapons, while not disrupting world oil markets and raising energy prices. As the European Union prepares to impose an oil embargo the Obama administration says the costs to Iran are rising.
28 June 2012 Secretary Clinton Regarding Significant Reductions of Iranian Crude Oil Purchases from China and Singapore "Today I have made the determination that two additional countries, China and Singapore, have significantly reduced their volume of crude oil purchases from Iran. As a result, I will report to the Congress that sanctions pursuant to Section 1245(d)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year 2012 will not apply to their financial institutions for a potentially renewable period of 180 days."
26 June 2012 Panetta Commends Egyptian Military for Supporting Elections Defense Secretary Leon Panetta commended Egyptian Field Marshal Tantawi, the country’s top military officer, and his staff for supporting a secure, free and fair election in Egypt.
25 June 2012 U.S. Congratulates Egypt's President-Elect White House press secretary Jay Carney congratulated Egypt’s new president-elect, Mohamed Morsi, after Egyptian election authorities declared that he had won 51.73 percent of the vote in the presidential run-off election June 16–17 and defeated former prime minister General Ahmed Shafiq.
24 June 2012 Secretary Clinton on Syrian Shoot-Down of Turkish Aircraft "The United States condemns this brazen and unacceptable act in the strongest possible terms. It is yet another reflection of the Syrian authorities' callous disregard for international norms, human life, and peace and security."
14 June 2012 Egyptians Deserve Free, Transparent Government, U.S. Says The Obama administration is seeking further clarification from Egyptian authorities on the Egyptian Supreme Constitutional Court’s ruling that the country’s parliament should be dissolved, along with a separate ruling that former Prime Minister Ahmad Shafiq should stay in the presidential contest.
08 June 2012 U.S. Humanitarian Aid Reaching Syria and Neighboring Countries Department of State Fact Sheet.
07 June 2012 Reports of Killings near Hama "Outrageous," White House Says The Obama administration says “multiple credible sources” have reported the targeted killings of Syrian civilians, including women and children, near the city of Hama and describes the murders as “outrageous,” urging the international community to unite around a plan that will offer Syrians a democratic, representative and inclusive government.
06 June 2012 Sanctions Important for Ending Syrian Violence, Geithner Says Although economic sanctions by themselves cannot bring about a peaceful resolution of the conflict in Syria, they can play an important role in hastening an end to the violence and bringing about political change, says Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner.
30 May 2012 U.S. Sanctions Syrian Bank to Isolate Assad Regime The United States has taken new action to isolate Syria’s Assad regime from the international financial system by sanctioning the Syria International Islamic Bank (SIIB). SIIB has acted as a front for the Commercial Bank of Syria, which has allowed that bank — Syria’s largest commercial bank — to circumvent sanctions against it by the United States, the European Union and the Arab League.
29 May 2012 Assad Regime Responsible for Haoula Massacre, U.S. Says The United States joined several other nations in expelling a senior Syrian diplomat in response to the massacre of more than 100 men, women and children in the Syrian village of Haoula on May 25, and says it will continue its efforts to increase pressure on Bashar al-Assad’s regime.
26 May 2012 Secretary Clinton on the Massacre in Haoula
25 May 2012 Jordan, U.S. to Collaborate for Safe Air Travel Jordan and the United States will work together to ensure that air travel between the two countries is as safe as possible. The agreement capped a two-day meeting of Jordanian leaders and Janet Napolitano, secretary of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, during her visit to the region.
23 May 2012 State Dept., OECD Partnership to Support Arab Transitions The State Department announces $1.5 million in funding to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development to support open governance and political participation in the Middle East and North Africa.
22 May 2012 U.S. Government Assistance to Yemen Overcoming Yemen’s challenges requires a comprehensive strategy that emphasizes governance and economic development as much as security issues. The United States’ approach to Yemen is therefore multifaceted and balanced.
15 May 2012 U.S. Condemns "Ridiculous" Syrian Elections Held Amid Violence Syria’s May 7 parliamentary elections were “an illegitimate process” illegitimately timed while violence in the country continued, State Department spokesperson Victoria Nuland said, and the United States does not consider them to be free, fair, transparent or representative of the will of the Syrian people.
10 May 2012 U.S. Backs Reforms for Mideast Stability, Prosperity The United States will promote political and economic reforms in the Middle East and North Africa in the coming year to help the rapidly changing region stabilize with more freedom and prosperity said Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs Jeffrey Feltman at the U.S. House of Representatives' Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on the Middle East and South Asia.
10 May 2012 Additional Humanitarian Assistance to Syria To help meet the growing humanitarian need, the United States is providing an additional $6.5 million in humanitarian assistance to support the people of Syria, bringing the total amount of U.S. emergency aid being provided to date to nearly $40 million for this crisis.
20 April 2012 Fact Sheet: U.S. Humanitarian Aid to Syria, Neighboring Nations The United States is pursuing every avenue to get humanitarian relief to those affected by the violence in Syria and is engaged in focused diplomatic efforts to secure full and unfettered access for humanitarian organizations to reach those in need.
12 April 2012 Syria Cease-Fire a "Fragile First Step," Clinton Says A cease-fire in Syria must lead to a credible and peaceful political transition in the country, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton said, noting that Bashar al-Assad’s security forces still haven’t fulfilled important obligations, including withdrawing from Syrian population centers.
11 April 2012 White House on Situation in Bahrain The United States continues to be deeply concerned about the situation in Bahrain, and we urge all parties to reject violence in all its forms. We continue to underscore, both to the government and citizens of Bahrain, the importance of working together to address the underlying causes of mistrust and to promote reconciliation.
10 April 2012 Rice: International Community Faces "Moment of Truth" on Syria According to U.N.–Arab League Special Envoy Kofi Annan’s peace plan, which Syria’s Bashar al-Assad agreed to on March 27, Syrian forces were to have completed their withdrawal from populated areas of the country by April 10 in preparation for a two-day cease-fire with the Syrian opposition.
02 April 2012 Clinton Announces $12 Million More in Aid to Syrians Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton says the United States is increasing its humanitarian assistance to the Syrian people by more than $12 million, bringing its total aid in response to the Syrian government’s brutal crackdown against its people to $25 million.
01 April 2012 Secretary Clinton on Syria, Burma, Iran, Egypt Press availability with Secretary Clinton, Istanbul, Turkey
01 April 2012 Secretary Clinton After Meeting with Syrian National Council Secretary Clinton during Camera Spray Following Meeting with Syrian National Council, Istanbul, Turkey.
23 March 2012 State Department on U.S. Support for Egypt Today, Secretary Clinton has certified to Congress that Egypt is meeting its obligations under its Peace Treaty with Israel. The Secretary has also waived legislative conditions related to Egypt’s democratic transition, on the basis of America’s national security interests, allowing for the continued flow of Foreign Military Financing to Egypt.
17 March 2012 U.S. Envoy Rice on Anniversary of U.N. Libya Resolution Tomorrow, the United States will join in solidarity with the Libyan people and our international partners to mark one year since the adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 1973. I have never been more proud than to cast that historic vote on behalf of the United States and President Obama that saved countless thousands of innocent lives.
15 March 2012 U.S. Giving $12 Million in Aid to Assad’s Victims Along with joining the Arab League and others in the international
community in pressing Bashar al-Assad to end the violence in Syria and
agree to a peaceful political transition, the Obama administration is
also providing more than $12 million in humanitarian relief for the
• State Department on Humanitarian Relief for Syrians
14 March 2012 Obama, Cameron Pledge More Pressure for Syrian Transition President Obama and British Prime Minister David Cameron said the United States and the United Kingdom will continue working together toward a peaceful solution and political transition in Syria and to support U.N. and Arab League special envoy Kofi Annan’s diplomatic efforts to end the violence there.
12 March 2012 Secretary of State Clinton remarks at the UN Security Council on the Middle East and North Africa " We will continue to aid UNSMIL’s efforts to support the Libyan Government as it reintegrates those who took up arms in the name of change into a professional national army and a peaceful society".
08 March 2012 Libya's New Leaders Making Quick Progress, Clinton Says Secretary of State Clinton praised the work of Libya’s interim government and its positive encouragement of better governance, the private sector and Libyan civil society in the four months it has been in power. Libya’s economy has also improved, with some businesses reporting booming sales, and Libya has shocked U.S. analysts because its oil production levels are rapidly approaching their pre-revolution levels.
07 March 2012 Defense Secretary Says Assad Must Halt Violence Against Syrians Defense Secretary Leon Panetta told a Senate committee that Syrian President Bashar al-Assad must halt his campaign of killing and crimes against the Syrian people now. Panetta and Army General Martin Dempsey, the chairman of the U.S. Joints Chiefs of Staff, told the committee that proposed U.S. military intervention in Syria is not a simple or quick solution to the crisis.
28 February 2012 Syrians Facing “Murder and Starvation,” Says State’s Brimmer A senior U.S. official says all nations should “heed the call of conscience” in response to the Syrian government’s continued brutal suppression of its people, and should halt all support for Bashar al-Assad’s regime, including arms or material transfers and financial support.
26 February 2012 Remarks by Secretary of State Clinton
and Moroccan Minister of Foreign Affairs Saad-Eddine Al-Othmani
After their Meeting "I want to say a few words about two issues in particular that are of great concern to the American and Moroccan people. First, Syria. I thank the foreign minister for the important role that Morocco has played, first within the Arab League and second within the Security Council. Morocco is in a unique position to help shape the international community’s efforts, and it is imperative that we continue working today".
25 February 2012 Remarks by Secretary Clinton At Town Hall with Tunisian Youth "Young people are at the heart of today’s great strategic opportunities and challenges, from rebuilding the global economy to combating violent extremism to building sustainable democracies."
25 February 2012 Statement by President Obama on Presidential Transition in Yemen
24 February 2012 Clinton Says the World Cannot Let the Syrian People Down Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton told an international conference that the escalating violence of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s regime against its people is an affront to the international community, a threat to regional security and a grave violation of universal human rights.
23 February 2012 U.N. Report Says Syrian Forces Committed Gross Human Rights Abuses
23 February 2012 Press Availability on the London Conference on Somalia Secretary Clinton also discussed the situation in Syria.
22 February 2012 Clinton to Participate in “Friends of Syria” Meeting in Tunis Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton will be joining her counterparts from more than 70 countries in Tunisia as the international community continues its efforts to stop the Syrian government’s slaughter of Syrian civilians and to promote a democratic transition in the country.
22 February 2012 Syria a Top Priority for U.N. Human Rights Council, Donahoe Says Ambassador Eileen Chamberlain Donahoe, the U.S. representative to the U.N. Human Rights Council, says that Syria will be a top priority at the upcoming session of the United Nations Human Rights Council.
16 February 2012 Ambassador Rice on U.N. General Assembly Resolution on Syria Ambassador Rice: "Today, the UN General Assembly sent a clear message to the people of Syria: the world is with you. An overwhelming majority of UN member states have backed the plan put forward by the Arab League to end the suffering of Syrians. Bashar al-Assad has never been more isolated. A rapid transition to democracy in Syria has garnered the resounding support of the international community. Change must now come."
13 February 2012 Assad Regime Is Leading Syria Toward Civil War, Clinton Says Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton said the Bashar al-Assad regime is leading Syria toward a civil war by escalating its violent crackdown on the Syrian people, and said the United States will continue working with the Arab League, Turkey and other countries to promote a political solution to the crisis.
04 February 2012 U.S. “Disgusted” by Security Council Inaction on Syria Peace Plan U.S. Ambassador Susan Rice told the U.N. Security Council that “the United States is disgusted” by the failure of the council to
pass a resolution that backed an Arab League peace plan to end
escalating violence in Syria and that urged Syrian President Bashar
al-Assad to step down.
• Ambassador Rice’s Remarks on Syria to U.N. Security Council
• Statement by President Obama on Violence in Syria
31 January 2012 Clinton to U.N.: Act on Syria or Be Complicit in Violence The Obama administration has strongly urged the United Nations Security Council to back an Arab League plan for ending the violence in Syria that proposes a democratic transition in the country after nearly one year of violence and at least 5,400 civilians killed by their government’s security forces.
26 January 2012 Rice Urges Security Council to Back Arab League Plan for Syria U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations Susan Rice has urged the U.N. Security Council to support the Arab League’s plan to mediate a political transition in Syria that would pave the way for the departure of President Bashar al-Assad from power. The U.S. envoy also voiced support for efforts by Jordan’s King Abdullah to restart a dialogue between Israel and the Palestinians in coordination with the Quartet, a diplomatic group consisting of the United States, the United Nations, the European Union and Russia that promotes peace between the two sides.
24 January 2012 Ambassador Rice at U.N. Security Council Debate on Middle East Remarks by Ambassador Susan E. Rice, U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations, at a Security Council Open Debate on the Middle East.
23 January 2012 U.S. Welcomes Arab League Call for Assad to Step Down State Department spokesperson Victoria Nuland said the Arab League’s proposal for a political transition in Syria was “quite remarkable,” and she praised the organization’s continued leadership in trying to bring an end to the Syrian government’s violent suppression of its political opponents.
20 January 2012 Arab Uprisings Significant and Unprecedented, Says Freedom House The nongovernmental organization Freedom House says political uprisings across the Middle East and North Africa in 2011 offer “the most significant challenge to authoritarian rule since the collapse of Soviet communism” in 1989, and it particularly noted the dramatic rise of freedom for Tunisians as a result of their revolution.
13 January 2012 State Dept. Daily Press Briefing: U.S. Sanctions/Iran Spokesperson Nuland: "The U.S. sanctions speak not to meetings with the leader; they speak to engagements with Iranian banks and purchases of Iranian crude oil."
10 January 2012 Ambassador Rice on Situation in Syria "That is a clear indication that the government of Syria, rather than using the opportunity of its commitment to the Arab League to end the violence and fulfill all of its commitments under the protocol, is instead stepping up the violence despite the presence of monitors and carrying out further acts of brutality against its population even often in the presence of those monitors."
09 January 2012 U.S. Welcomes Expanded Arab League Mission in Syria The Obama administration expressed support for the Arab League’s decision to increase its number of monitors in Syria and to extend its observer mission until January 19, but joined the organization in saying that the Syrian government has still failed to meet its commitments to stop the violence against peaceful demonstrators and release political prisoners.
08 January 2012 State Department on Recent Violence in Bahrain The United States is deeply concerned by continuing incidents of violence in Bahrain between police and demonstrators. The Government of Bahrain has taken significant steps to implement recommendations of the Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry, and we urge it to complete this important undertaking without delay and continue the work of comprehensive reform.
03 January 2012 Syria’s Assad Fails to Halt Violence Against Civilians The Syrian government has fallen far short of honoring its commitments to the Arab League, including ending violent attacks against peaceful demonstrators and releasing its political prisoners, State Department spokesperson Victoria Nuland told reporters.
29 December 2011 U.S. Calls for Stop to Harassment of NGOs in Egypt The Obama administration called on Egypt’s ruling military council to immediately halt its harassment of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and their staffs, and to return property it confiscated during raids on at least 17 groups.
27 December 2011 State Department on Regime Violence in Syria
21 December 2011 Statement by the Press Secretary on Syria The United States continues to believe that the only way to bring about the change that the Syrian people deserve is for Bashar al-Assad to leave power. The words of the Assad regime have no credibility when they continue to be followed by outrageous and deplorable actions.
20 December 2011 U.S. Frees $30 Billion for Libya The Obama administration says most U.S. sanctions against Libya have been lifted, and it has freed up more than $30 billion that was frozen in March to prevent former Libyan leader Muammar Qadhafi’s regime from using the assets to perpetrate violence against the Libyan people.
19 December 2011 Ambassador Rice on Removal of Financial Sanctions on Libya The United States welcomes today’s decision by the UN Security Council’s Libya Sanctions Committee to remove the remaining financial sanctions on the Central Bank of Libya and the Libyan Arab Foreign Bank. This will allow the United States and other countries to unfreeze billions of dollars to help Libyans build their new democracy.
19 December 2011 U.S. Official in Mideast for Sanctions, Terrorist-Financing Talks A top U.S. Treasury Department official is visiting Saudi Arabia and Bahrain for discussions of sanctions against Syria and Iran and efforts to disrupt funding for terrorist networks worldwide. Treasury Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence David S. Cohen is traveling to continue the Treasury Department’s close coordination with international partners and allies in the region, the Treasury Department said.
18 December 2011 Secretary Clinton on Reports of Violence in Egypt
13 December 2011 Past Time for U.N. Action on Syria, U.S. Says The Obama administration says the U.N. Security Council’s silence on the continuing violence in Syria is “frankly unconscionable,” and urged the body, including permanent members Russia and China, to listen to Arab League countries and others who are calling for independent monitors to assess the situation on the ground and help protect civilians from Syrian security forces.
06 December 2011 Clinton Praises “Courage and Commitment” of Syrian Opposition Clinton told opposition representatives she is interested in their plans for a democratic transition in Syria, and welcomed their “many very constructive ideas.”
02 December 2011 Secretary Clinton on Human Rights Council’s Special Session on Syria The United States strongly supports the Commission’s efforts to expose the abuses by the Asad Regime and help bring the human rights violators to account.
18 November 2011 Amb. Rice on Reinstatement of Libya to U.N. Human Rights Council The reinstatement of Libya to the UN Human Rights Council marks the start of a new opportunity for the Libyan people. ... Today’s reinstatement is a significant achievement for the Human Rights Council, which demonstrated commendable leadership in requesting Libya’s suspension.
16 November 2011 U.S. Strategy For A Changing Middle East Remarks by Deputy Secretary William Burns at the MEI Annual Banquet,
15 November 2011 State’s Wittes on Arab Spring and Uprisings in Middle East Tamara Wittes, Deputy Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs, in a video interview.
03 November 2011 U.S. Support for Democratic Transitions in Egypt, Libya, Tunisia Special briefing by Ambassador William Taylor.
28 October 2011 After Election, “Real Politics” for Tunisian Coalition-Building Since none of Tunisia’s political parties won a majority in the country’s historic elections, the stage is set for what State Department spokeswoman Victoria Nuland describes as “real politics,” as the parties negotiate with each other to form a governing coalition that will represent all Tunisians.
27 October 2011 Ambassador Rice on Passage of U.N. Resolution 2016 on Libya "We are quite pleased that the Security Council has unanimously passed Resolution 2016, terminating the protection of civilians and no-fly zone authorizations that were contained in historic Resolution 1973. This has been quite an extraordinary period of activity for the Security Council, as well as for the United States, NATO, and Arab partners who participated in the enforcement of Resolution 1973."
24 October 2011 Readout of the President’s call with Egyptian Field Marshal Tantawi President Obama called Egyptian Field Marshal Tantawi today to reaffirm the close partnership between the United States and Egypt and to underscore his full support for Egypt’s transition to democracy. The two leaders agreed that Egypt’s upcoming elections must be free and fair and be held in accordance with democratic standards.
24 October 2011 Obama Congratulates Libya on Its Liberation President Obama offered his congratulations to the people of Libya on the nation’s declaration of liberation. ... “Now that the fighting in Libya has reached an end, the Transitional National Council (TNC) must turn its attention to the political transition ahead,” the president added.
24 October 2011 Through Vote, Tunisians Took “Important Step Forward,” Obama Says Nine months after their revolution toppled Zine El Abidine Ben Ali’s regime, the Tunisian people exercised their right to freely choose an assembly that will oversee their country’s political transition and write their country’s new constitution.
24 October 2011 Remarks by Ambassador Rice at U.N. Debate on Middle East Remarks at an Open Debate of the Security Council on the Middle East on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Syria, Lebanon, Yemen and Tunisia.
23 October 2011 President Obama's Statement on Declaration of Liberation in Libya "On behalf of the American people, I congratulate the people of Libya on today’s historic declaration of liberation. After four decades of brutal dictatorship and eight months of deadly conflict, the Libyan people can now celebrate their freedom and the beginning of a new era of promise."
23 October 2011 President Obama on Elections in Tunisia "Today, less than a year after they inspired the world, the Tunisian people took an important step forward. I congratulate the millions of Tunisians who voted in the first democratic elections to take place in the country that changed the course of history and began the Arab Spring."
20 October 2011 Obama: Qadhafi’s Death Was Inevitable End of Dictatorship Former Libyan dictator Muammar Qadhafi’s death is “a momentous day in
the history of Libya,” President Obama said, and marks the end of “a
long and painful chapter” for its people as they continue to transition
from his 42-year rule.
• President Obama on Announcement of Death of Libya’s Qadhafi
• Ambassador Rice on Death of Libya’s Muammar Qadhafi
13 October 2011 U.S. Statement at OSCE on Violence in Egypt "Now is a time for restraint on all sides so that Egyptians can move forward together to forge a strong and united Egypt. As the Egyptian people shape their future, the United States continues to believe that the rights of minorities — including Copts — must be respected. All people have the universal rights of peaceful protest and religious freedom."
13 October 2011 Clinton’s Interview with Associated Press on Iran, Middle East
10 October 2011 White House Statement on Violence in Egypt The President is deeply concerned about the violence in Egypt that has led to a tragic loss of life among demonstrators and security forces. ... Now is a time for restraint on all sides so that Egyptians can move forward together to forge a strong and united Egypt.
05 October 2011 Syrian People “Slapped in the Face” by U.N., Rice Says The Syrian people have been “slapped in the face” by the United Nations Security Council because of its failure to pass a resolution condemning the ongoing violence by the Syrian government against peaceful demonstrators, says U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations Susan Rice. Rice spoke in New York Russia and China vetoed a measure that would have been the first legally binding condemnation of Bashar al-Assad’s regime since it began its violent repression of pro-democracy protesters in March.
28 September 2011 Clinton and Egypt’s Amr Hold Crucial Bilateral Talks The United States fully supports the Egyptian people in their transition to a democratic nation as they conduct upcoming parliamentary and presidential elections, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton says.
25 September 2011 White House Official on Saudi Arabia’s Announced Reforms "We welcome Saudi King Abdullah’s announcement today that women will serve as full members of the Shura Council in the next session, and will have the right to participate in future municipal elections. "
23 September 2011 State Departtment Background Briefing on Middle East Peace Issues Senior Administration Official on Middle East Peace.
21 September 2011 Arab Awakening Offers Women Opportunities, Challenges Women joined, and in some cases led, the pro-democracy movements in the Middle East and North Africa in the spring of 2011, but what place will they have in their emerging governments?
20 September 2011 Obama: Libya Shows What World Can Do “When We Stand Together” President Obama says the liberation of Libya from 42 years of Muammar Qadhafi’s rule has offered the Libyan people a new chance for freedom, dignity and opportunity, and the international community’s actions on their behalf have shown what the nations of the world can achieve “when we stand together as one.”
16 September 2011 Ambassador Rice on U.N. Resolution to Promote Libya’s Recovery Explanation of Vote by Ambassador Susan E. Rice, U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations, at a Security Council Meeting on the Situation in Libya
• Fact Sheet on U.N. Resolution to Promote Libya’s Recovery
15 September 2011 U.S. Mideast Envoy Brings Plenty of Regional Expertise As President Obama’s special envoy for Middle East peace, veteran U.S. diplomat David Hale is following in the footsteps of his predecessor, former Senator George Mitchell, to facilitate peace negotiations. Hale and White House special assistant Dennis Ross are currently meeting with leaders in the region.
14 September 2011 Briefing on Travel to Libya Special Briefing by Assistant SecretaryFeltman , Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs.
02 September 2011 World Community Welcomes Libya’s Transitional Council The world community welcomes Libya’s transitional leaders, prepares to free frozen assets and offers help in nation building.
01 September 2011 Secretary Clinton's Remarks in Paris on Libya
Secretary Clinton says that "All of us are inspired by what is happening in Libya."
31 August 2011 Background Briefing on Secretary Clinton's Trip to Paris Secretary Clinton will attend a high-level meeting on Libya.
30 August 2011 Treasury Imposes Sanctions on More Syrian Officials The U.S. Department of the Treasury today announced the designations of three senior officials of the Government of Syria pursuant to Executive Order 13573.
26 August 2011 Libya Receiving $1.5 Billion in Financial Assets Frozen in U.S. The United States is releasing $1.5 billion in Libyan assets that had been frozen under U.N. sanctions directed against Muammar Qadhafi’s regime, and Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton urged other countries that are holding Libyan assets to expedite their release.
26 August 2011 Fact Sheet: Securing Dangerous Materials’ Stockpiles in Libya Libya has been a country of proliferation concern and attention by the United States for many years. Since the beginning of the crisis in Libya this year, the United States has focused on the potential that increased insecurity on the ground could increase proliferation risks, including with the country’s remaining stockpiles of uranium, chemical agents, and conventional weapons.
24 August 2011 U.S. Welcomes U.N. Human Rights Vote to Investigate Syria U.S. officials welcomed the U.N. Human Rights Council’s August 23 adoption of a resolution that calls for an international inquiry into possible crimes against humanity by the Syrian government. The resolution condemns the regime led by Bashar al-Assad for repeated and systematic atrocities.
23 August 2011 Adoption of U.N. Human Rights Council’s Resolution on Syria "The Commission of Inquiry established by the resolution will ensure that evidence of atrocities will be uncovered and those responsible will be identified and held accountable."
22 August 2011 Libyans Have Shown Human Dignity Is Stronger than Dictators President Obama said the 42-year reign of Muammar Qadhafi over Libya is coming to an end, and the country’s future is now in the hands of the Libyan people. The president also praised the international coalition of Arab countries, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the United States.
22 August 2011 Statement by President Obama on Libya
20 August 2011 Joint Statement by the Quartet on Attacks in Southern Israel "The Quartet condemns the attacks in southern Israel on 18 August, 2011 and all acts of terrorism in the strongest terms. These are cowardly acts of premeditated terrorism. The Quartet hopes those involved in the planning and conduct of these gruesome attacks will quickly be brought to justice."
18 August 2011 U.N.: Syria’s Attacks May Be "Crimes Against Humanity" The Syrian Government’s “widespread and systematic” attacks against its own people may amount to crimes against humanity and warrant an investigation by the International Criminal Court (ICC), the United Nations human rights office said in a report released today.
18 August 2011 Clinton on the Situation in Syria The Asad government has now been condemned by countries in all parts of the world and can look only to Iran for support for its brutal and unjust crackdown.
18 August 2011 President Obama on Syria's President Assad Today, President Obama called for the President of Syria, Bashar
al-Assad, to step aside and took the strongest financial action action
against the Syrian regime thus far.
• Fact Sheet on Syria (Whitehouse.gov)
16 August 2011 Clinton: Enforcement of Universal Rights Should Be Shared The United States wants to encourage other nations to enforce “a universal set of values and interests” such as freedom, human rights and democracy, says Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton.
12 August 2011 U.S. Wants More International Pressure to End Syrian Violence The Obama administration is urging countries with significant economic ties to Syria to join the United States in increasing pressure on the Syrian government to end the violence against the Syrian people and allow peaceful democratic change to occur in the country, said Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.
10 August 2011 U.S. Treasury Imposes Sanctions Against Syria’s Largest Bank The United States has imposed financial sanctions on Syria’s largest commercial bank and its largest mobile telephone operator. The sanctions are cited under two presidential executive orders — one that targets proliferators of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and their supporters, and another that targets Syrian officials and others responsible for human rights abuses in Syria.
08 August 2011 U.S. Welcomes Stronger Arab Stand Against Syrian Violence The Obama administration welcomed increased pressure on Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s regime from his neighbors in the Middle East as a sign that Syria’s rulers are increasingly isolating themselves from the international community as a result of their brutal crackdown on peaceful demonstrators calling for political reforms.
04 August 2011 U.S. Supports Protesters Facing Violent Attacks in Iran, Syria The United States is working to support opposition protesters in Iran and Syria who are demanding democracy and basic rights as their governments continue to respond with violent crackdowns that violate “every important international human rights standard,” a U.S. official says.
02 August 2011 Briefing on Libya by U.S. Official Chris Stevens
01 August 2011 Statement by Secretary Clinton on Violence in Syria Secretary Clinton says that President Assad has lost his legitimacy with the Syrian people and that Syria will be a better place when a democratic transition goes forward.
31 July 2011 President Obama’s Statement on Violence in Syria
27 July 2011 Axis of Abuse: U.S. Human Rights Policy toward Iran and Syria Statement by Assistant Secretaries of State Michael H. Posner and Jeffrey D. Feltman before the House Foreign Affairs Committee, Subcommittee on the Middle East and South Asia.
26 July 2011 Ambassador DiCarlo at U.N. Security Council Debate on Middle East Remarks by Ambassador Rosemary DiCarlo, U.S. Deputy Permanent Representative, at an Open Security Council Debate on the Situation in the Middle East
25 July 2011 U.S. Missile Defense and Regional Security Frank Rose, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Arms Control, Verification and Compliance, talks about the U.S. approach to missile defense and cooperation with other countries, including Israel.
21 July 2011 Protesters Demanding Basic Rights for All Syrians, U.S. Says Syrians calling for political and economic reforms are doing so on behalf of all Syrians, not as a movement seeking to divide the country along sectarian lines, and they are becoming increasingly organized and adept at spreading their positive and inclusive message to the Syrian people, says a senior State Department official.
19 July 2011 Countering Weapons Proliferation in Libya a Top U.S. Priority Countering the proliferation in Libya of small arms and light weapons, including surface-to-air missiles, is a top U.S. national security priority, according to the State Department.
15 July 2011 U.S. Recognizes TNC as Libya's "Legitimate Governing Authority" Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton announced that the United States will recognize the Transitional National Council (TNC) as “the legitimate governing authority for Libya” and expects that the move will help the TNC obtain more funding as it struggles against Muammar Qadhafi’s regime and makes plans for the country’s political transition.
12 July 2011 U.S. Condemns Violence by Syrian Government In prepared testimony before the Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission of the U.S. House of Representatives, Posner said the United States wants to see that the democratic transition that is the will of the Syrian people occurs.
11 July 2011 Clinton Says Syria’s Assad Has Lost Legitimacy Secretary of State Hillary Clinton condemned Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s regime for failing to protect U.S. and French diplomatic facilities in Damascus and said the Syrian leader “has lost legitimacy” because of his violent response to legitimate Syrian aspirations for greater freedom.
06 July 2011 Technology Opens Doors for Women, Clinton Says Secretary of State Hillary Clinton is celebrating her department’s TechWomen exchange program, which uses technology to open doors that are otherwise closed to women in the Middle East and North Africa. TechWomen, funded by the State Department’s Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, is a public-private partnership that pairs women from top technology companies in California’s Silicon Valley with women emerging as leaders in technical fields across the Middle East and North Africa for a professional mentorship and exchange program.
05 July 2011 Statement on Ongoing Situation in Syria
01 July 2011 Clinton Urges World Democracies to Support Mideast, North Africa Secretary of State Hillary Clinton is calling on democratic countries around the world to support countries in transition to democracy across the Middle East and North Africa. She said that while the political outcome in those countries in the Middle East and North Africa “will be determined by the people themselves,” Community of Democracies members “have a stake in that outcome and a responsibility to help.”
20 June 2011 Status of Assistance to the Transitional National Council Taken question from the U.S. Department of State press briefings
• Transitional National Council Oil Sales (Taken Question)
19 June 2011 Secretary Clinton: "There Is No Going Back in Syria" In an opinion article originally published in the Asharq Al-Awsat newspaper, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton condemns the recent violent crackdowns in Syria carried out by President Bashar Assad’s government against its own citizens and calls for a transition to democracy.
15 June 2011 Press Statement Following the Delivery of a Joint Statement by Human Rights Council Members on the Situation in Syria Press Statement by U.S. Ambassador Eileen Donahoe, Geneva, Switzerland.
09 June 2011 IAEA Resolution on Syria Today in Vienna, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Board of Governors adopted a resolution, co-sponsored by fourteen nations, finding Syria in noncompliance with its international nuclear obligations.
09 June 2011 TNC Is Legitimate Representative of Libyan People, Clinton Says Secretary of State Hillary Clinton says the U.S. recognizes Libya’s Transitional National Council (TNC) as "the legitimate interlocutor for the Libyan people," and is offering its support to the group to help ensure “an inclusive process” when Libya transitions from Muammar Qadhafi’s regime.
04 June 2011 Secretary Clinton's Statement on Shutdown of Internet Access in Syria "The Syrian government has a history of restricting the Internet in an attempt to prevent the Syrian people from accessing and sharing information. The Syrian government must understand that attempting to silence its population cannot prevent the transition currently taking place. "
25 May 2011 U.S., U.K. Support Historic Change in Middle East, North Africa President Obama and British Prime Minister David Cameron discussed the historic changes unfolding across the Middle East and North Africa, and said they plan to coordinate with their Group of Eight (G8) partners to support nations making the reforms necessary, in Obama’s words, “to build a framework for democracy, freedom and prosperity.”
24 May 2011 During European Trip, Arab Spring is on the Agenda The setting for President Obama’s trip this week is Europe, but a major topic on the agenda will be North Africa and the Middle East. The goal is a more democratic, more prosperous region. The president set the stage by delivering a major policy speech on the Middle East on May 19 in which he applauded movements for political and economic self-determination and pledged financial support for new governments in Tunisia and Egypt.
22 May 2011 Secretary Clinton on Ongoing Situation in Yemen
20 May 2011 U.S. to Syria’s Assad: Lead Reforms or Stand Aside
• 19 May 2011 Fact Sheet: Situation in Syria
16 May 2011 Gates Stresses U.S. Support Role in Libya The United States has no intention of putting boots on the ground in Libya and should not become militarily involved in unrest shaking Syria, Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates said in portions of an interview that aired on “The CBS Evening News” tonight.
12 May 2011 Assessing the Situation in Libya Testimony by James Steinberg, Deputy Secretary of State, before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
12 May 2011 World Uniting Around Insistence that Libya’s Qadhafi Must Go International cooperation has increased the pressure on Libyan leader Muammar Qadhafi’s regime and made it harder for it to carry out attacks against the Libyan people, a senior State Department official says, adding that the Obama administration will continue its efforts to support the Libyan people through economic, military and political means.
09 May 2011 Blogging's Impact on Media and Change in Arab Countries Award-winning Egyptian cyberjournalist Wael Abbas says Arab regimes are fighting a losing battle when it comes to stopping activists from expressing themselves online.
07 May 2011 Secretary Clinton on Violence in Syria "I am deeply troubled that the Syrian government chooses to continue to use force and intimidation against the Syrian people. The United States condemns in the strongest terms the Syrian government’s actions over the past five weeks and calls on it to immediately cease the killing, arrest, and harassment of protestors, activists, and journalists. "
05 April 2011 Clinton Discusses U.S. Efforts to End Violence in Libya At a press conference with Italian Foreign Minister Franco Frattini in Rome, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton said the United States is working with its allies to end violence in Libya, Syria and Afghanistan.
27 April 2011 Briefing On the Political Situation in Libya Special Briefing with Gene Cretz, U.S. Ambassador to Libya
26 April 2011 U.S. Considers Targeted Sanctions Against Syrian Leaders In response to the Syrian government’s continued violent crackdown against demonstrators, the Obama administration says it is considering implementing sanctions that would target members of Syria’s leadership.
26 April 2011 Briefing on Recent Developments in the Middle East and Other Issues Special Briefing by Jake Sullivan, Director of Policy Planning at the U.S. Department of State.
25 April 2011 Current U.S. Humanitarian Assistance Efforts in Libya Special Briefing by Reuben Brigety, Deputy Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, and USAID Director of Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance Mark Bartolini
18 April 2011 NATO Reaffirms Libya Group’s Call for Qadhafi to Step Down Foreign ministers representing the 28 members of NATO met in Berlin April 14–15 and endorsed the Libya Contact Group’s call for Muammar Qadhafi to immediately step down from power and for his supporters to end their attacks on Libyan civilians. U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs Philip Gordon told reporters in Washington that the NATO meeting served to reaffirm and follow up on the contact group’s statement.
15 April 2011 Secretary Clinton’s Press Availability in Berlin Secretary Clinton says that "Our European and Arab allies and partners all agree: Attacks on and threats of attacks against the Libyan people must stop; Qadhafi’s forces must withdraw from the cities they have forcibly entered and occupied; humanitarian supplies must be allowed to reach civilians, especially those in cities under siege."
14 April 2011 Obama Security Advisor Holds Productive Middle East Talks U.S. National Security Advisor Tom Donilon held “positive and productive” talks with the leaders of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates in a two-day visit to the Middle East, National Security Council spokesman Tommy Vietor said April 13.
11 April 2011 Clinton Says Cease-Fire in Libya Is Essential Secretary of State Hillary Clinton says that a cease-fire in Libya between government military forces and opposition forces is essential. “We want to see the Libyan regime forces pull back from the areas that they have forcibly entered,” Clinton said April 11 at a joint press conference. “We want to see a resumption of water, electricity and other services to cities that have been brutalized” by the forces of Libyan leader Muammar Qadhafi.
06 April 2011 Fact Sheet: U.S. Government Humanitarian Assistance in Response to the Libya Crisis The U.S. Government has provided $47 million to international and non-governmental organizations to meet the urgent humanitarian needs of people fleeing the violence in Libya. We have deployed a team of disaster response experts to the region, and are working closely with host governments, the United Nations, NGOs and other international partners to assess and address urgent humanitarian needs in Libya and neighboring countries.
31 March 2011 State Department Official and Lawmakers Discuss Libya Crisis U.S. Lawmakers discussed U.S. policy toward Libya — its implications for America and the Middle East and North Africa region — with Deputy Secretary of State James Steinberg at a House Committee on Foreign Affairs hearing. Representative Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (Republican-Florida), chairman of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, led the hearing and said that Americans question if involvement in the Libyan crisis may signal U.S. action in other countries experiencing turmoil, such as Côte d’Ivoire or Syria.
29 March 2011 International Community Urged to Step Up Pressure on Qadhafi Beyond the current military efforts in Libya to save lives, the international coalition must work to provide humanitarian assistance, pressure and isolate the Qadhafi regime and help Libyans achieve political change, says Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.
26 March 2011 Statement Regarding Use of Force in Libya Remarks by Harold Hongju Koh, Legal Advisor U.S. Department of State, at the American Society of International Law Annual Meeting in Washington, DC.
24 March 2011 NATO Assuming Command of Libyan No-Fly Zone Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton said the United States is
transferring command and control of the international community’s
enforcement of the no-fly zone in Libya to the North Atlantic Treaty
• Update on Implementing UN Security Council Resolutions 1970 and 1973 on Libya
23 March 2011 U.N.-Mandated No-Fly Zone over Libya Successfully Established Secretary of State Hillary Clinton says international coalition forces have successfully established the no-fly zone over Libya that was called for under U.N. Security Council Resolution 1973, and a U.S. military official reports that the majority of air sorties over Libya now are being carried out by non-U.S. aircraft.
22 March 2011 U.S. Plans Transition to Support Role for Libya Operations Although the United States has played a prominent role in the first phase of the international coalition’s military activities in Libya, the Obama administration said the U.S. contribution will be diminishing as other members of the coalition take the lea
21 March 2011 Libyan Airstrikes Needed to Prevent Humanitarian Catastrophe President Obama’s national security adviser says actions taken by an international coalition against the regime of Libyan leader Muammar Qadhafi are necessary to prevent a humanitarian catastrophe.
20 March 2011 Press Briefing on the Situation in Libya By National Security Advisor Tom Donilon, Deputy National Security Advisor For Strategic Communications Ben Rhodes and Press Secretary Jay Carney.
20 March 2011 Obama Meets with Top Aides on Libya President Obama held a conference call with top national security advisers March 20 to discuss the international effort to enforce a no-fly zone over Libya to stop Libyan military forces from attacking civilians, the White House says.
19 March 2011 International Coalition Strikes at Libyan Military President Obama said March 19 that U.S. Navy and coalition ships and submarines have launched missiles against Libyan military forces to support an international coalition to stop attacks on Libyan civilians.
16 March 2011 Close to 300,000 People Flee Violence in Libya Almost 290,000 people have fled the violence between insurgent groups and the military forces of Libyan dictator Muammar Qadhafi in recent weeks, according to international organizations.
16 March 2011 Secretary Clinton's Interview With Kim Ghattas of BBC
16 March 2011 State Dept Special Press Briefing: Japan Situation Update Under Secretary Pat Kennedy and Deputy Energy Secretary Dan Poneman on the Situation in Japan.
15 March 2011 Clinton Offers More U.S. Support for Egypt's Economic Growth Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton announced new U.S. support for Egypt’s economy that is designed to expand opportunities in the country and benefit all sectors of Egyptian society as the country plans its political and economic future.
14 March 2011 Humanitarian Situation in Libya Special Briefing by Eric P. Schwartz, Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, and USAID Assistant Administrator Nancy Lindborg.
13 March 2011 Obama Welcomes Arab League Support for Libyan People The Obama administration welcomes a decision by the 22-member Arab League to support a no-fly zone over Libya because the move strengthens international pressure on Libyan leader Muammar Qadhafi, said White House press secretary Jay Carney.
12 March 2011 In Libya, Our Aid Matters Op-Ed by Eric P. Schwartz,Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, and Nancy Lindborg, Assistant Administrator, USAID Bureau of Democracy, Conflict and Humanitarian Assistance.
10 March 2011 Humanitarian Response to Violence in Libya
Department of State Fact Sheet.
10 March 2011 U.S. Wants Active Arab, African Participation in Libya Response The Obama administration wants to see active regional participation in any potential military response to the political violence in Libya, and also says it has been in direct contact with a variety of opposition groups that have de facto control over much of the eastern part of the country.
07 March 2011 Readout of the North Atlantic Council Meetings on Libya Special Briefing with Ivo Daalder, Permanent Representative to North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Washington, DC.
03 March 2011 U.S., Partners Airlift People Fleeing Libyan Violence The United States is boosting its effort to help people displaced from Libya find their way home. President Obama announced March 3 that U.S. planes will fly Egyptian citizens home from Tunisia, where they fled to escape weeks of violence in neighboring Libya.
28 February 2011 Clinton Condemns Libyan Violence, Calls for Accountability Secretary of State Hillary Clinton called for Libyan leader
Muammar Qadhafi to be held accountable for opening fire on peaceful
protesters and other violent acts that “violate international legal
obligations and common decency.”
• White House Press Secretary, U.N. Ambassador Rice on Libya
• Secretary Clinton’s Interview with the BBC
• Humanitarian Assistance for Libya (State Department Fact Sheet)
27 February 2011 Obama Calls for Libya’s Qadhafi to Leave Power Now President Obama calls on Libya’s leader, Muammar Qadhafi, to leave power now, saying that he and his government must be held accountable for violating the human rights and brutalization of the Libyan people.
26 February 2011 Holding the Qadhafi Government Accountable Secretary Clinton: "The United States strongly condemns the ongoing violence and human rights violations committed by the government of Libya against its own people. As President Obama said, these actions violate international norms and every standard of common decency. They must stop. We are moving quickly on a series of steps to hold the Libyan government accountable for its violation of human rights and to mobilize a strong response from the international community."
26 February 2011 Fact Sheet: U.N. Security Council Resolution on Libya Sanctions
24 February 2011 Clinton Says U.S. Inspired by Nonviolent Egyptian Protests Secretary of State Hillary Clinton told Egyptians that they have inspired Americans through their "extraordinary example of nonviolent, peaceful protest," and urged them to remain vigilant, since building and sustaining a democracy is long and difficult work, but said the United States stands ready to help them.
23 February 2011 Remarks by the President on Libya
22 February 2011 U.S. Urges Middle East to Respond to Protests with Reforms The United States urges Middle Eastern countries to take concrete action and work toward political reform in response to protests across the region, says Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.
21 February 2011 Remarks at the Arab League, Cairo, Egypt Remarks in Cairo by William Burns, Under Secretary for Political Affairs.
17 February 2011 Clinton Urges Restraint in Bahrain, Offers Help to Egypt Secretary of State Hillary Clinton telephoned Bahrai's foreign minister, Sheikh Khalid bin Ahmed al-Khalifa, to express U.S. concerns over violence by Bahraini security forces against anti-government protesters and urged that the perpetrators be held responsible.
17 February 2011 Egyptian Americans Hopeful for Emerging Democracy in Homeland Egyptian Americans, proud of the victory of pro-democracy protesters in Egypt, are looking to the future of their homeland with a mix of optimism and hope, with a dash of realism.
15 February 2011 Obama Urges Mideast Leaders to Be Proactive in Reforms Noting the political unrest that has spread from Tunisia to Egypt and elsewhere in the region, President Obama says young people are seeking better opportunities and ways to improve their lives. He urges governments in the region to “get out ahead of change” and respond to their peoples’ aspirations in a manner that doesn’t lead to violence.
12 February 2011 Summary of President Obama's Calls to Discuss Egypt
11 February 2011 President Obama's Remarks on Egypt (Whitehouse.gov) President Obama said the Egyptian people have inspired the world through their nonviolent struggle to change their country’s government.
10 February 2011 Statement of President Barack Obama on Egypt (Whitehouse.gov)
09 February 2011 Conference Call To Discuss Egypt A State Department Special Briefing with Jake Sullivan, Deputy Chief of Staff for Secretary of State Clinton and Ben Rhodes, Deputy National Security Advisor for Strategic Communications.
07 February 2011 Obama Says Egypt Is "Not Going Back" President Obama says that after nearly two weeks of political unrest in Egypt, the country "is not going to go back to what it was." On February 5 the president discussed Egypt by telephone with Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed of the United Arab Emirates, British Prime Minister David Cameron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel. A White House statement about the calls said Obama expressed concern about continued raids on Egyptian civil society and called for the release of all journalists, human rights advocates and activists detained without cause.
05 February 2011 Clinton: Democratic Change in Middle East a "Strategic Necessity"
28 January 2011 Remarks by the President on the Situation in Egypt (Whitehouse.gov)
23 September 2010 Remarks by President Obama to the United Nations General Assembly The President spoke of the challenges facing America, the world, and particularly Israel and the Palestinian Authority.
21 September 2010 Statement by the Middle East Quartet The Quartet reaffirmed its support, in consultation with the parties, for an international conference in Moscow at the appropriate time, concurrent with direct negotiations.
15 September 2010 Briefing on Israeli-Palestinian Peace Talks Special Envoy (State.gov) George Mitchell says that serious and substantive discussion is well underway.
09 September 2010 Statement by the President on the Occasion of Eid-ul-Fitr
Quick reference assistance available from the Information Resource Center between 10.00 a.m. and 12 noon, Monday to Friday, on 020-7894-0925.
Further research services are provided to U.K. media, government departments and academics.